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Flashcards in chapter 10 Deck (20)
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1

Aeneas

When the Greeks destroyed Troy in the Trojan war Aeneas fled with his followers

2

Romulus and Remus

In the story, these boys led exciting lives when they were babies they were put in a basket and throw into the Tiber river

3

Republic

people elect leaders to govern them

4

dictators

Rulers with almost absolute power

5

cincinnatus

who gained power in 458 BC. although he was a farmer

6

plebeians

or common people

7

patricians

Nobles called patricians

8

magistrates

officials or magistrates

9

consuls

The two most powerful magistrates in Rome were called consuls

10

Roman Senate

Was a council of wealthy and powerful Romans

11

Veto

or prohibit

12

Latin

the Romans language

13

checks and balances

methods to balance power

14

forum

Rome's public meeting place

15

legions

or groups of up to 6,000 soldiers

16

Punic wars

A series of wars against Carthage a city in northern Africa

17

Hannibal

set out for Rome

18

Gaius Marius

encouraged poor people to join the army

19

Lucius Cornelius

became consul in 88 BC sulla soon came into conflict

20

spartacus

rose up and demanded freedom