Chapter 10- Section 3&4 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Section 3&4 Quiz Deck (17):
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Dual Monarchy

The Austrian hold in central Europe became Austria-Hungary. This was a direct result of real threats of independence coming from the Hungarian ethnic group called the Magyars. The Compromise of 1867 created a Dual Monarchy in which Austria and Hungary became two separate, equal states under one ruler. Nationalism remained a problem for the Dual Monarchy as ethnic minorities continued to seek self-government.

1

Franz Joseph I

Ruler of the Dual Monarchy (Austria- Hungary). Despite abolishing the liberal reforms of 1848, Franz Joseph I was never able to fully eliminate the nationalistic feelings of the ethnic minorities that made up his kingdom. The revolutions in France, Italy, and in the German states had made too big a mark to be ignored.

2

The Crimean War

Began because of a dispute over the Holy Land. In addition, Russia had desires of taking control of Constantinople because of it would provide Russia with access to the Mediterranean Sea. The war ended in a stalemate ( a tie) leaving 500,000 dead.

3

Florence Nightingale

A British nurse who worked to save lives threatened by disease and crowded, filthy conditions in field hospitals during the Crimean War.(She is From Great Britain)

4

Ottoman Empire

Not immune to nationalistic uprisings, the Ottoman Empire's problems began in 1830 when Greece gained its independence.

5

Balkan Wars

Fought for Ottoman held territory in and around the Mediterranean. Russia was the primary Ottoman enemy, as the Russians were always looking for a port on the Mediterranean Sea. These wars cost The Ottomans nearly all their European land.

6

The Young Turks

An Ottoman nationalistic group who fought the absolute power of the Sultan in 1908.

7

Autocracy

A government by one ruler (Autocrat ) with unlimited power.

8

Serfs

Agricultural (main economy of Russia) workers who were considered part of the land on which they work.

9

The Decembrist Revolt

A revolutionary group which included many military officers who refused to declare allegiance to the new czar, Nicholas I.

10

Czar Alexander II

Began a program of reforms in Russia. The most important one came too late as he was assassinated the day he freed the serfs.

11

Pogroms

Anti-Semitic rioters attacked and killed innocent Jews in waves of violent attacks in Russia.

12

Trans-Siberian Railroad

In the 1890s, Russia began building the railroad to link western Russia with Siberia.

13

Russo-Japanese War

Japanese and Russian expansions collided resulting in an embarrassing defeat for Russia. This loss emboldened revolutionary movements in Russia for two decades. This war added to the unrest in Russia.

14

Marxists

Followers of Karl Marx wanted to change Russia from an autocracy to a socialist republic (similar to communism) which is a society in which there would be no private property and the state would collectively own and distribute goods. Vladimir Lenin, a Russian Marxist revolutionary, laid out a plan to overthrow the Czar.

15

Bloody Sunday

An event where a massive crowd of labor workers were shot down by the Czar's Palace Troops while trying to deliver a petition to their king. This act stirred other Russian sectors to rise up against the Czar and led to the Revolution of 1905.

16

October Manifesto

A promise by Nicholas II to create a Duma, or a representative assembly. Despite these reforms, Nicholas II did not want to give up absolute power. He used his power and oversaw rapid industrial development in Russia.