Chapter 10 Vocab 10.1 And 10.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Vocab 10.1 And 10.2 Deck (16):
1

Cell division

Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells

2

Asexual reproductions

Are reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent

3

Sexual reproduction

Process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism

4

Chromosome

Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic information

5

Chromatin

Substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consist of DNA tightly coiled around histones

6

Cell cycle

Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division, and divides to form two daughter cells

7

Interphase

Period of cell cycle between cell division

8

Mitosis

Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cells nucleus divides

9

Cytokinesis

Division of the cytoplasm during cell division

10

Prophase

First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic material inside the nucleus condenses and the chromosomes become visible

11

Centromere

Region of a chromosome were the two sister chromatids attach

12

Chromatid

One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome

13

Centriole

Structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell division

14

Metaphase

Phase of mitosis during which chromosomes line up across the center of the cell

15

Anaphase

Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell

16

Telophase

Phase of mitosis during which chromosomes begin to spread out into a tangle of chromatin