Chapter 4 Vocab 4.1 And 4.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Vocab 4.1 And 4.2 Deck (16):
1

Weather

Day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperature, precipitation, and other factors

2

Climate

Average year to year conditions of temperature and precipitation in an area over a long period of time

3

Microclimates

Environmental conditions within a small area that differs significantly from the climate of the surrounding area

4

Greenhouse effect

Process in which certain gases(carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor) traps sunlight energy in earths atmosphere as heat

5

Tolerance

Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circumstances that differ from their optimal conditions

6

Habitat

Area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it

7

Niche

Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives in the way in which the organisms use those conditions

8

Resource

Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food, or space

9

Competitive exclusive principle

Principle that states that no two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time

10

Predation

Interaction in which one organism (the predator) captures and feeds on another organism (the prey)

11

Herbivory

Direction in which one animal (the herbivore) feeds on producers

12

Keystone species

Angle species that is not usually abundant in a community yeah exerts a strong control on the structure of a community

13

Symbiosis

Relationship in which two species live close together

14

Mutualism

Symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship

15

Parasitism

Symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it

16

Commensalism

Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed