Chapter 11 Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 11 Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Digestive System Deck (59):
1

an/o

anus

2

antr/o

antrum

3

cec/o

cecum

4

col/o, colon/o

colon ( usually denoting the large intestine)

5

duoden/o

duodenum

6

enter/o

intestine (usually denoting the small intestine)

7

esophag/o (Note:esophag/o was covered in Chapter 9)

esophagus

8

gastr/o

stomach

9

ile/

ileum

10

jejun/o

jejunum

11

or/o,stomat/o

mouth

12

proct/o, rect/o

rectum

13

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

14

abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o

abdomen (abdominal cavity)

15

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

16

cheil/o

lip

17

cholangi/o

bile duct

18

chol/e (Note:is the combining vowel is e)

gall, bile

19

choledoch/o

common bile duct

20

diverticul/o

diverticulum, or blind pouch, extending from a hollow organ (pl. diverticula) (figure 11-6)

21

gingiv/o

gum

22

gloss/o,lingu/o

tongue

23

hepat/o

liver

24

herni/o

hernia,or protrusion of an organ through a membrane or cavity wall (figure 11-7)

25

palat/o

palate

26

pancreat/o

pancreas

27

peritone/o

peritonraum

28

polyp/o

polyp,small growth

29

pylor/o

pylorus,pyloric,sphincter

30

sial/o

salvia,salivary gland

31

steat/o

fat

32

uvul/o

uvula

33

celiac disease

a malabsorption syndrome caused by an immune reaction to gluten ( a protein in wheat, rye, and barley), which may damage the lining of the small intestine that is responsible for absorption of food into the bloodstream. Celiac disease is considered a multisystem disorder with varying symptoms, including abdominal bloating and pain, chronic diarrhea or constipation, steatorrhea, vomiting, weight loss, fatigue, iron deficiency anemia, and pruritic skin rash known as dermatitis herpetiforms (also called gluten enteropathy)

34

cirrhosis

chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue; commonly caused by alcholism and certain types of viral hepatitis

35

crohn disease

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon; characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction (also called regional ileitis or regional enteritis)

36

gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd)

the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus causing heartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous barrier of the esophagus

37

hemochrommatosis

an iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food, resulting in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue; can cause congestive heart failure, diabetes, cirrhosis or cancer of the liver

38

hemorrhoids

swollen or distended veins in the rectal area, which may be internal or external, and can be a source of rectal bleeding.

39

ileus

obstruction of thee intestine often caused by failure of peristalsis

40

intussusception

telescoping of a segment of the intestine

41

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

periodic, disturbance of bowel function, such as diarrhea and/or constipation, usually associated with abdominal pain

42

obesity

excess of body fat ( not body weight)

43

peptic ulcer

eroded area of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach, bacterial infection or nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs 9often referred to as gastric or duodenal ulcer, depending on its location)

44

polyp

tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane; usually benign; common sites are in the nose,throat, and intestines

45

bariatric surgery

surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity causing serious illness

46

diarrhea

frequent discharge of liquid stool

47

dysentery

disorder that involves inflammation of the intestine assoc. wih diarrhea and abdominal pain

48

emesis

expelling matter from the stomach through the mouth (vomiting)

49

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

50

hematochezia

passage of bloody feces

51

nausea

urge to vomit

52

peristalsis

involuntary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract

53

stoma

surg. opening bet. an organ and the surface of the body.. Ex: colostomy

54

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

55

GI

gastrointestinal

56

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

57

RYGB

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

restricts food intake and calorie absorption rate... creation of small gastric pouch

58

VBG

vertical banded gastroplasty

stapling stomach

59

LAGB

Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding

Lapband