Chapter 11 IDs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 IDs Deck (13):
1

Protestant Reformation

-Broke out in Germany and Switzerland
-Leaving of Catholic Church
-Luther started it

2

Indulgences

-Selling of forgiveness of sins for money
-Could also be bought to get loved ones out of purgatory

3

Martin Luther

-Protestant Reformer
-Had 95 theses against indulgences
-Was excommunicated from the Catholic Church

4

95 Theses

-Written by Martin Luther
-Posted on doors of Castle Church in Wittenburg, Germany

5

Brothers of Common Life

-Also called Modern Devotion
-Fostered religious life outside of Church
-Sponsered religious and classical publications
-Conducted school for youths

6

Diet of Worms

-Luther challenged the infallibility of Pope
-Gave Luther 60 days to retract, he did not, placed on imperial ban
-Led by Emperor Charles V

7

Charles V

-Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
-King of Spain
-Nephew of Catherine of Aragon

8

Frederick the Wise of Saxony

-Helped elect Charles V to position of emperor
-Luther's lord and protector

9

Lutherans

-Followers of Luther and his teachings
-First real group of Protestants
-Some peasants claimed Luther and Lutherism when revolting, although this was not supported by Luther

10

Ulrich Zwingli

-Leader of Swiss reform
-Opposed sale of indulgences and religious superstition
-Wanted to end clerical celibacy, this was accepted in all Protestant lands
-Whatever lacked literal support in the Bible was not to be practiced or believed.

11

Transubstantiation

The belief that the bread and cup in the Eucharist turns literally into Jesus Christ

12

Marbury Colloquy

-Luther and Zwingli were brought together by Philip of Hesse to work out their differences about the Eucharist
-Luther left thinking Zwingli an even greater fanatic

13

Anabaptists

-Thought only thoughtful adult were able to understand scripture
-Believed in adult baptism, refused to swear oaths and nonparticipation in offices in secular government by church officials