Chapter 11 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Review Deck (18)
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0
Q

Explain the difference between an interest groups and a political party

A

Political parties fight their battles through the electoral process by running candidates for office, interest groups support candidates who support their goals (NRA) and interest groups are policy specialists

1
Q

Interest Groups

A

An organization of people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try and achieve those goals interest groups pursue their goals in many arenas

2
Q

Pluralism

A

A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies

3
Q

Hyperpluralism

A

A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened. Hyperpluralism is an extreme, exaggerated or perverted form of pluralism

4
Q

Interest groups liberalism

A

The government will try to do as much as it can help all pressure groups

5
Q

Free rider problem

A

People do not join because they can benefit from the group without joining

6
Q

Olson’s law of large groups

A

The larger the group the further it will fall short of providing an optimal amount of a collective good

7
Q

Potential group

A

All the people who might be interest group member because they share some common interest. A potential group is almost always a larger than an actual group (all people who might be group members because they share a common interest)

8
Q

Actual group

A

The part of the potential group consisting of members who actually join

9
Q

Class action lawsuits

A

Permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other peoples similarly situated

10
Q

Amicus curiae briefs

A

Legal briefs submitted by a “friend of the court” for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting information not contained in the brief of the formal parties. These briefs attempt to influence a courts decision

11
Q

How a lobbyist works and benefits of a politician of lobbyists

A

Lobbyists provide information and can legally funnel money to politicians through PAC’s and benefit interest groups politicians because politicians don’t have to go find information

12
Q

Political Action Committees

A

Political funding vehicles created by the 1974 campaign finance reforms. A corporation,union or some other interest groups can create a PAC and register it with the FEC (federal election commission) which all meticulously monitor the PAC’s expenditures

13
Q

Collective good

A

Something of value (money, a tax write off, prestige clean air and so on) that cannot be withheld from a group member

14
Q

Single interest group

A

Groups that have narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise and often draw membership from people new to politics. These features distinguish them from traditional interest groups.

15
Q

Single interest groups are usually most successfully in pursuing what issues?

A

Most successful in pursing emotional topics like abortion

16
Q

What is the main advantage that single interesting groups possess

A

Intensity and being focused

17
Q

Elite Theory

A

A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class and that upper class elite will rule regardless of the formal niceties of the government organization