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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Study Guide Deck (41)
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1

What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?

Industrial Revolution

2

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?

New England

3

What is capitalism?

Economic system of the US/ individuals put their capital into a business in hopes of making a profit

4

What is money used for an investment?

A capital

5

What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?

Free enterprise system

6

What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?

Supply and demand

7

What is technology?

Scientific discoveries that simplify work

8

What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?

Patents

9

Who invented the Cotton Gin?

Eli Whitney

10

Who opened the first textile mill in the US?

Samuel Slater

11

What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
England?

Demand for cotton grew

12

What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?

The growth of factories

13

What is the difference between urban and rural?

Urban is city and rural is country

14

What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?

Roads Steamboats and canals

15

Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?

Dr. Thomas Walker

16

Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?

William Bean

17

Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?

Allowed a pass that made it easier to get through

18

What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of
Tennessee?

Allowed more people to settle in Tennessee

19

Who blazed the trail for the wilderness road?

Daniel Boone and 30 skilled foresters

20

Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?

Rocky mount found in Piney Flats which is Sullivan county

21

Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?

William Blount

22

What was important about John Sevier?

First governor of TN

23

What is a long hunter?

A longhunter (or long hunter) was an 18th-century explorer and hunter who made expeditions into the American frontier wilderness for as much as six months at a time.

24

What is a turnpike?

Toll roads

25

What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed
farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?

Natchez Trace

26

Who created the first steamboat?

Robert Fulton

27

Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?

Transport goods and passengers

28

What are artificial waterways?

Canals

29

What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more
trade opportunities?

Erie Canal

30

Who was the President in 1817?

James Monroe