Flashcards in Chapter 11 Study Guide Deck (41)
What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?
What is capitalism?
Economic system of the US/ individuals put their capital into a business in hopes of making a profit
What is money used for an investment?
What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?
Free enterprise system
What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?
Supply and demand
What is technology?
Scientific discoveries that simplify work
What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?
Who invented the Cotton Gin?
Who opened the first textile mill in the US?
What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
Demand for cotton grew
What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?
The growth of factories
What is the difference between urban and rural?
Urban is city and rural is country
What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?
Roads Steamboats and canals
Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?
Dr. Thomas Walker
Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?
Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?
Allowed a pass that made it easier to get through
What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of
Allowed more people to settle in Tennessee
Who blazed the trail for the wilderness road?
Daniel Boone and 30 skilled foresters
Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?
Rocky mount found in Piney Flats which is Sullivan county
Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?
What was important about John Sevier?
First governor of TN
What is a long hunter?
A longhunter (or long hunter) was an 18th-century explorer and hunter who made expeditions into the American frontier wilderness for as much as six months at a time.
What is a turnpike?
What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed
farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?
Who created the first steamboat?
Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?
Transport goods and passengers
What are artificial waterways?
What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more