Chapter 12 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Test Deck (25):
1

Textile manufactures kept costs low by what?

Hiring children and paying them very little.

2

Which statement best describes working conditions in the mill in the 1800s?

Workers suffered from health problems such as chronic cough due to unsafe working conditions.

3

How did the invention of the plow and the reaper help the farming industry?

Enabled farmers to plant and harvest huge crop fields.

4

Why did companies build their factories closer to cities in the mid-1800s?

To provide themselves with easier access to workers.

5

How did mass production of earlier inventions affect families of companies mass producing?

They could buy items they could not afford in the past.

6

How did the water frame revolutionize production of cloth?

It harnessed the power of flowing water.

7

Which statement best describes the Transportation Revolution?

A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel.

8

Why did the demand for coal increase as the demand for steal grew in the 1870s?

Coal was used in furnaces for steel production.

9

What did technological developments during the industrial revolution do for factories?

Enabled people to build factories almost anywhere because the shift to steam power meant factories had no longer had to build near rivers.

10

What challenges did engineers and mechanics face while building railroads?

The railroads had to pass over mountains and rivers.

11

What is #11?

Argue for the benefits of trying one of his ideas.

12

Issac Singer was credited with the invention of the safety pin.

False.

13

Alfred Luis Vail developed a system known as morse code.

True.

14

During the war of 1812 Americans began to buy the items they needed from American manufacturers.

True.

15

Changes to manufacturing were needed in the mid-1700s because demand was greater then the available supply.

True.

16

Most early strikes by union members were unsuccessful because the courts and police didn't take their sides.

True.

17

Developed mills featuring power looms that could spin thread and weave cloth at the same mill.

Richard Arkwright.

18

Designer of the first full-sized commercial steamboat, the Clermont.

Robert Fulton.

19

Fought to obtain a 10-hour work day for employees of private businesses.

Sarah G. Bagley.

20

Developed the mechanical reaper, a harvesting machine in 1831.

Cyrus McCormick.

21

Developed the strategy of hiring families and divided work into simple tasks, known as the Rhode Island system.

Samuel Slater.

22

Unsuccessfully sued to limit New York's waterway lights.

Aaron Ogden.

23

Came up with the idea of interchangeable parts.

Eli Whitney.

24

Invented telegraph.

Samuel F.B. Morse.

25

Built the small but powerful locomotive, Tom Thumb, in 1830.

Peter Cooper.