Chapter 14 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Test Deck (26):
1

What caused the flood of Irish immigrants in the mid 1840s?

The Irish Potato Famine

2

What were some truths about women's rights in the 1800s?

They weren't allowed in the jury.

3

Who were Nathaniel Hawthrorne, Edgar Allen Poe, and Emily Dickinson?

American poets.

4

Why were African American schools established in Philadelphia ?

Philadelphia was a center of Quaker influence and the Quakers believed strongly in equality.

5

What was the effect of Nat Turners Rebellion on southern society?

Open talk about slavery disappeared.

6

What attracted German Immigrants to the US in the 1840s?

The US economy.

7

What were the religious ideas of Charles Grandison Finney?

Sin was avoidable and that each individual was responsible for his or her own salvation.

8

What were the benefits of women's reform work?

Temperance movement, mentally ill hospitals, orphanages, reform schools, houses of correction, school for females, blacks, poor, and special needs people.

9

What was a common trait of American cities in the mid 1800s?

Large criminal rate.

10

What was the name of the new social class which was created by a growth of industry?

Middle-class

11

What was the name of the religious movement that swept the US in the 1790s?

Second Great Awakening

12

What was the name of the document written by women's rights activists?

The Declaration of Sentiments

13

What was the name of the reformer who spoke to the state legislature of Massachusetts?

Dorothea Dix.

14

What group fought for the immediate emancipation of slaves and racial equality?

American Anti-Slavery Society.

15

Utopian Communities

Groups of people who tried to form a perfect society

16

Walt Whitman

An American poet who praised individualism and democracy in his poetry.

17

Frederick Douglass

Escaped slavery when he was 20 and went on to become on of the most important African American leaders of the 1800s. Wrote autobiography and abolitionist paper called the North Star.

18

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Organized the nation's first women's rights convention at Seneca Falls in 1848.

19

Seneca Falls Convention

The first public meeting about women's rights held in the US on July 19, 1848.

20

Catherine Beecher

Started an all female academy in Hartford, Connecticut.

21

Underground Railroad

A network of people who arranged transportation and hiding places for fugitives, or escaped slaves.

22

Tenements

Poorly designed apartment buildings that housed large numbers of people.

23

Harriet Tubman

The most famous and daring conductor on the Underground Railroad.

24

Transcendentalism

The belief that people could transcend, or rise above, material things in life.

25

Horace Mann

Lead the common-school movement.

26

Romanticism

A great interest in nature.