Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (31):
Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army ready for war
Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany
Took over Germany in 1890
Kaiser Wilhelm II
France, Russia, and Britain
How did nationalism, imperialism, and militarism help set the stage for World War I?
Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within a country
Imperialism in their sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another deepened
Militarism is having military power and keeping an army prepared for war
Why were the balkans known as “the power keg of Europe?
they had a long history of nationalists uprising and ethic clashe
Large lady of th German army would race west, to defeat France
Nations of Germany/Austria-Hungary
Dead locked region in northern France
Soldiers fought each other from trenches
Region along German/Russian border where Russians and Serbians battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks
Why was the Battle of the Marne considered so significant?
because Germans left the Schieffen plan in ruins and a quick victory in the west no longer seemed possible
Where was the Western front? the eastern front?
Western Front deadlocked the region in northern France
Eastern Front is the stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border
What were the characteristics of trench warfare?
muddy, terrain covered with bodies, soldiers fighting in terrible conditions, rats, depression, rain, and soldiers full of rain
Germans would attack with submarines without notice
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Country devoted ALL resources to war
People could buy only small amounts
One-sided Information used to persuade
Agreement to stop fighting
What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?
a strategic attempt to open a sea route to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WW1
What factors prompted the US to enter the war?
Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 125 Americans, and Germany asked mexico to attack the US.
In what ways was WWI a total war?
total war is one in which the entire resources and population of a nation are utilized to fight the enemy army
US delegate in the Big Four
France delegate in B4
Great Britain delegate in B4
David Lloyd George
Outlined plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
Allowing people to decide for themselves Order 2hat Government they wished to live under
Compromise between French, British, and US/ signed 5 years after assignation
Treaty of Versailles
Goal to keep Peace among nations
League of Nations
What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
be an international association to keep peace among the nations