Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

Modern World History Unit 4 > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (31):
1

Policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army ready for war

Militarism

2

Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany

Triple Alliance

3

Took over Germany in 1890

Kaiser Wilhelm II

4

France, Russia, and Britain

Triple Entente

5

How did nationalism, imperialism, and militarism help set the stage for World War I?

Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within a country
Imperialism in their sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another deepened
Militarism is having military power and keeping an army prepared for war

6

Why were the balkans known as “the power keg of Europe?

they had a long history of nationalists uprising and ethic clashe

7

Large lady of th German army would race west, to defeat France

Schllefen Plan

8

Nations of Germany/Austria-Hungary

Central Powers

9

Dead locked region in northern France

Western Front

10

Soldiers fought each other from trenches

Trench Warfare

11

Region along German/Russian border where Russians and Serbians battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks

Eastern Front

12

Why was the Battle of the Marne considered so significant?

because Germans left the Schieffen plan in ruins and a quick victory in the west no longer seemed possible

13

Where was the Western front? the eastern front?

Western Front deadlocked the region in northern France
Eastern Front is the stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border

14

What were the characteristics of trench warfare?

muddy, terrain covered with bodies, soldiers fighting in terrible conditions, rats, depression, rain, and soldiers full of rain

15

Germans would attack with submarines without notice

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

16

Country devoted ALL resources to war

Total War

17

People could buy only small amounts

Rationing

18

One-sided Information used to persuade

Propaganda

19

Agreement to stop fighting

Armistice

20

What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?

a strategic attempt to open a sea route to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WW1

21

What factors prompted the US to enter the war?

Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 125 Americans, and Germany asked mexico to attack the US.

22

In what ways was WWI a total war?

total war is one in which the entire resources and population of a nation are utilized to fight the enemy army

23

US delegate in the Big Four

Woodrow Wilson

24

France delegate in B4

George Clememeau

25

Great Britain delegate in B4

David Lloyd George

26

Outlined plan for achieving a just and lasting peace

14 points

27

Allowing people to decide for themselves Order 2hat Government they wished to live under

Self-determination

28

Compromise between French, British, and US/ signed 5 years after assignation

Treaty of Versailles

29

Goal to keep Peace among nations

League of Nations

30

What was the purpose of the League of Nations?

be an international association to keep peace among the nations

31

What was the mandate system, and why did it leave so many groups feeling betrayed?

meant to prepare the "natives" of various regions for self-government some felt left-out because it granted mandates to only some