Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

Modern World History Unit 4 > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (25):
1

Organized violence against the Jews

Pogroms

2

World’s largest continuous rail line

Trans-Siberian Railway

3

Small number of committed revolutionary willing to sacrifice everything for radical change

Bolsheviks

4

Leader of the Bolsheviks

Lenin

5

Russia’s first parliament

Duma

6

Claimed to have magical healing powers

Rasputin

7

Temporary government

Provisional Government

8

Local councils of workers

Soviets

9

Ruled Russia in 192w

Joesph Stalin

10

Government takes total control over every public aspect

Totalitarianism

11

Government makes every decision

Command Economh

12

Large government owned farms

Collective farming

13

Class of wealthy leases (PQ QUESTION)

Kulaks

14

Campaign of terror

Great Purge

15

Art style that presided Soviet life and communist values

Socialist Realism

16

How did Rasputin gain political influence over the Romanov family and Russian political affairs?

Eased symptoms of czars hemophiliac son

18

How did WWI lead to the downfall of Czar Nicholas II?

Russian army fighting WWI; food shortages

18

Explain the causes of Russia’s civil war and its outcome.

Failure of provisional government, growing power of soviets, treaty of Brest-Litosvk angered Russians Bolsheviks wanted to wipe out enemies
OUTCOME: Bolshevik victory/ 14,000,000 dead

19

Wat are the key traits of totalitarianism?

State control of individuals, methods of enforcement, state control of society, dictatorship, 1-Party rule

20

How did the Japanese react to the civil war in China?

They tried to take advantage of the internal weak state that china was in and invaded china. However, the two Chinese sides (nationalists and communists) generally united together to fight the common Japanese enemy, and as a result created heavy resistance that slowed Japanese advances and also kept Japanese troops away from other pacific battles

21

Briefly describe the May Fourth Movement and its supporters.

-Angry factory workers, shopkeepers and professionals join with angry students to protest the Treaty of Versailles of World War 1 that gave Japan territories and privileges.
-Showed commitment to establishing a strong modern nation and led to the favor of communism instead of Sun's beliefs in western democracy.

22

Give examples of Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience against the British government.

Boycotts, strikes and demonstrations, and the salt march

23

How did Stalin’s 5-year plan differ than Lenin’s new economic policy?

LP- allows private businesses/peasants=own land, classless society production of people, standard of living raises for many
S5YP- command economy, brought Ag under government control, peasants live on group farms, standard of living fell

24

What steps did Kemal take to modernize Turkey?

• separated the laws of Islam from the laws of the nation
• abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European law
• granted women the right to vote and to hold public office
• launched government-funded programs to industrialize Turkey and to spur the economic growth

25

What individual freedoms are denied in a Totalitarianism State?

Freedom of speech, artistic freedom, freedom of religion, freedom to love/work whenever