Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (25):
Organized violence against the Jews
World’s largest continuous rail line
Small number of committed revolutionary willing to sacrifice everything for radical change
Leader of the Bolsheviks
Russia’s first parliament
Claimed to have magical healing powers
Local councils of workers
Ruled Russia in 192w
Government takes total control over every public aspect
Government makes every decision
Large government owned farms
Class of wealthy leases (PQ QUESTION)
Campaign of terror
Art style that presided Soviet life and communist values
How did Rasputin gain political influence over the Romanov family and Russian political affairs?
Eased symptoms of czars hemophiliac son
How did WWI lead to the downfall of Czar Nicholas II?
Russian army fighting WWI; food shortages
Explain the causes of Russia’s civil war and its outcome.
Failure of provisional government, growing power of soviets, treaty of Brest-Litosvk angered Russians Bolsheviks wanted to wipe out enemies
OUTCOME: Bolshevik victory/ 14,000,000 dead
Wat are the key traits of totalitarianism?
State control of individuals, methods of enforcement, state control of society, dictatorship, 1-Party rule
How did the Japanese react to the civil war in China?
They tried to take advantage of the internal weak state that china was in and invaded china. However, the two Chinese sides (nationalists and communists) generally united together to fight the common Japanese enemy, and as a result created heavy resistance that slowed Japanese advances and also kept Japanese troops away from other pacific battles
Briefly describe the May Fourth Movement and its supporters.
-Angry factory workers, shopkeepers and professionals join with angry students to protest the Treaty of Versailles of World War 1 that gave Japan territories and privileges.
-Showed commitment to establishing a strong modern nation and led to the favor of communism instead of Sun's beliefs in western democracy.
Give examples of Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience against the British government.
Boycotts, strikes and demonstrations, and the salt march
How did Stalin’s 5-year plan differ than Lenin’s new economic policy?
LP- allows private businesses/peasants=own land, classless society production of people, standard of living raises for many
S5YP- command economy, brought Ag under government control, peasants live on group farms, standard of living fell
What steps did Kemal take to modernize Turkey?
• separated the laws of Islam from the laws of the nation
• abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European law
• granted women the right to vote and to hold public office
• launched government-funded programs to industrialize Turkey and to spur the economic growth