Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (23)
A monosaccharide that contains an aldehyde group
A branched-chain polymer of starch composed of glucose units joined at alpha (1-4) and alpha (1-6) glycosidic bonds.
An unbranched polymer of starch composed of glucose units joined by alpha (1-4) glycosidic bonds
A simple or complex sugar composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
An unbranched polysaccharide composed of glucose units linked by beta (1-4) glycosidic bonds that cannot be hydrolized by the human digestive system
An object or molecule that has a nonsperimposable mirror image.
A carbon atom that is bonded to four different atoms or groups.
A Carbohydrate composed of two monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic bond.
Chiral compounds that are mirror images that cannot be superimposed`
A system for drawing stereoisomers; an intersection of a vertical and horizontal line represents a carbon atom. A vertical line represents bonds that project backwards from a carbon atom and a horizontal line represents bonds that project forward. The most highly oxidized carbon is on the top.
A monosaccharide that is called levulose and fruit sugar and is found in honey and fruit juices; it is combined with glucose in sucrose.
A monosaccharide that occurs combined with glucose in lactose
An aldehoxose found in fruits, vegetables, corn syrup, and honey that is also known as blood sugar and dextrose. The most prevalent monosaccharide in the diet. Most polysaccharides are polymers of glucose.
A polysaccharide formed in the liver and muscles for the storage of glucose as an energy reserve. It is composed of glucose in a highly branched polymer joined by alpha (1-4) And alpha (1-6)glycosidic bonds
The bond that forms when the hydroxyl group of one monosaccharide reacts with the hydroxyl group of another monosaccharide. It is the type of bond that links monosaccharides in di= or polysaccharides
The ring structure of a monosaccharide
A monosaccharide that contains a ketone group
A disaccharide consisting of glucose and galactose found in milk and milk products
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units; it is obtained from the hydrolysis of starch and is found in germinating grains
A polyhyroxyl compound that contains an aldehyde or ketone group
A polymer of many monosaccharide units, usually glucose. Polysaccharides differ in the types of glycosidic bonds and the amount of branching in the polymer.
Isomers that have atoms bonded in the same order, but with different arrangements in space.