Chapter 13: Chronic edema Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Chronic edema Deck (11):
1

It is defined as local or general accumulation of fluid in the interstitial tissue spaces.

Edema

2

What are the causes of edema?

  • Increase permeability of the capillaries
  • obstruction of the lymphatic flow
  • increased capillary pressure
  • decrease plasma protein

3

What are the treatment of edema?

  • Diaphragmatic breathing
  • warm hydrotherapy
  • Treatment according to cause
  • lymphatic drainage
  • mid to full- range
  • passive relaxed range of motion

4

What are the treatment of chronic edema which results from traumas?

  • Use heat proximal to edema and over restrictions
  • Use C.T. technique (light pressure)
  • Light fascial techniques and skin rolling to reduce restrictions
  • Petrissage on proximal muscle

5

True or False:

Once restrictions are decreased wait 20 minutes, then use lymph drainage technique, effleurage and strokings are used after drainage work is completed. 

True

6

In chronic edema caused by trauma, scar tissue from fascial restrictions restrict __________ .

lymph flow

7

What are the conditions that may result in chronic edema?

  • pregnancy
  • peripheral nerve lesion
  • prolonged sitting or standing 
  • sodium retention
  • lymph edema
  • trauma

8

What are the Treatment of chronic edema cause by pregnancy and peripheral nerve lesion?

  • Lymph drainage techniques
  • Swedish massage techniques (light to moderate pressure)
  • Effleurage and strokings start proximal, finish distal

9

In treatment of Chronic edema caused by lymph edema. It is contraindicated to use what technique?

1. deep techniques (Swedish or frictions) above 40 mmHg over local edema.

2. hot hydrotherapy

10

In treatment of Chronic edema caused by lymph edema. What direction is effleurage and stroking applied?

Unidirectional effleurage and stroking proximal to edema

11

What are the treatments of Chronic edema caused by lymph edema?

  • Use elevation/lymph pump/MLD
  • Unidirectional effleurage and stroking proximal to edema
  • Mid to full passive ROM to joints proximal and distal to edema