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Flashcards in chapter 13 - scientific revolution Deck (30):
1

The series of events that led to the birth of modern science

Scientific revolution

2

explanations of observed fact based on logic

theories

3

derived from the Latin word meaning "knowledge" or "understanding"

Science

4

means "reasoned", or "well-thought-out"

logical

5

Greek thinker and ancient astronomer, he made the best maps of his time

ptolemy

6

people who looked at the world in a reasonable and logical way

rationalists

7

jewish scholar, studied and wrote about Aristotle

maimonides

8

an early form of chemistry

alchemy

9

Christian scholar who tried to unite the work they are Aristotle with Christian ideas

Thomas Aquinas

10

forerunner of chemistry

alchemy

11

what is the universe is sun centered?

heliocentric theory

12

A time of great advancements in art, writing, in education

renaissance

13

first person to use a microscope as a scientific instrument

antoni van leeuwehaek

14

force that attracts objects to each other

gravity

15

proposed several theories that have been proven so many time that they are now called laws, including the law of gravity and the laws of motion

sir isaac Newton

16

perhaps no astronomer during the scientific revolution influenced modern science more than

Galileo Galilei

17

danish astronomer that emphasized the importance of careful observations and jeeping detailed, accurate records so that other scientist can use what has previously been learned

tycho brahe

18

German astronomer proves that planets do not follow circular path but move and in oval path

johannes kepler

19

Scientific instrument that measures air pressure

barometer

20

wrote up book, called on the revolution of the celestial, which claimed that the earth actually circle the sun

nicolaus cipernicus

21

established science as the most effective method for learning about the natural world

Scientific revolution

22

English philosopher that noted how scientists using observations, facts, experiments, and theories, revealed the truth about how nature works

francis bacon

23

French philosopher that believe nothing should be excepted as true if it what is it proven to be true

renè descartes

24

A step-by-step process for performing experiments in other scientific research

scientific method

25

A solution that a scientist proposes to solve the problem

hypothesis

26

scientists thought they could use what to determine how to improve society

reason

27

what church was a powerful church in Europe during the time of the scientific revolution

Roman Catholic Church

28

The idea that the earth orbit the sun contracted the churchs teachings that the earth was the center of the

universe

29

published a book that supported the view that the planets orbit the sun

Galileo

30

the arm of the church devoted to punishing people question church authority

inquistion