Flashcards in China Chapter 7 Deck (62):
Yang Jien changed his name to __________ which means cultured emperor.
Eventually _______ & ________ rebelled which ended the Sui dynasty.
Peasants and soliders
__________ spread in China during the Sui dynasty.
Most important project that connected Yangzi and yellow river.
Killed about how many people from labor?
Tang Dynasty was know as the ?
Golden age of China
Who was the most famous emperor?
Taizong expanded China's
Introduced land reform
Land reform was called
Equal field system
Distributed land more evenly from preventing what?
Nobles becoming to powerful and rich
Created _____ revenue for government
Who controlled the northern parts of China during th Tang Dynasty?
Two eras of tang dynasty
Northern and southern song
Accomplishments of song included
To become scholar official you have to do what?
Pass a very difficult exam
Exams focused on what kind of belief?
Service as a government official
Bodies of unelected government officials
An educated member of the government
Scholar officials became the most weak or powerful group in China?
During Song Dynasty there was a rise in?
Trade in merchant class
Also huge increase of ?
Song allied with ___ to beat Jin
But then the Mongols defeated them to take over China
True or false?
Who was the leader of Mongols
Used good very bloodless tactics to take down villages (Mongols)
False used bloody and brutal tactics to take down cities
1260 who became Mongol ruled
Captures __________ song of China
Very ______ laws
__________ against Chinese
who became an ambassador for kublai khan
Mongols invaded ____ weakened empire and was a huge failure
Also printed too much _____ ended up useless weakened economy
After Mongols empire was weakened this was the chineses opportunity to _________.
Rebel (defeated Mongols 1368)
(Ming) kept all ________ influence out of China
Ming dynasty was know for
Famous sailor from Ming
Ming dynasty was also know for
Ming emperors ruled with _______ control
The _______ city a symbol of China's glory (Ming)
China established policy of isolation. What is isolation?
Keeping foreign influence out of country (end of Ming)
What was the cause of Tang Dynasty ending?
-Sixth emperor spent to much time with concubine
-led to rebellion
-many fighting for power
~this was called the five dynasties and ten kingdoms
Empress wu Zetain?
-Chinas only female ruler
- very victorious and effective
- fair to farmers reduced taxes
-gave women right
End of the Ming
-peasant uprising (isolation)
- manachus attacked and toke over starting Qin dynasty
Who united the nomadic tribes of Asia and created the Mongol empire?
Kublai khan was genghis khans…
A famous military leader who is remembered for loyalty to China during song
Supreme commander of Chinese navy during Ming dynasty.
Who ended period of disunion
The most revered tang emperor
Sinbad the sailor was in the book …
1001 Arabian Knights
Who was the last ruler in the Sui dynasty
Who was thought a threat and was tortured and killed in Song Dynasty?
Buddhism came from where?
What was the most dominate philosophy in China
Code of behavior was based on 5 key relationships what were they?
Sibling-sibling ( older sibling higher position)
Daoism was based on the teachings of who?
Taught that humans should see themselves as part of nature. Which teaching was that?
In Confucianism people are naturally born _____
In Confucianism people were taught two basic principles.
Ren= concern for others
Li= Appropriate behavior based on customs and beliefs