China Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in China Chapter 7 Deck (62):
1

Yang Jien changed his name to __________ which means cultured emperor.

Wen di

2

Eventually _______ & ________ rebelled which ended the Sui dynasty.

Peasants and soliders

3

__________ spread in China during the Sui dynasty.
(A belief)

Buddhism

4

Stupas?

Buddhist shrines

5

Most important project that connected Yangzi and yellow river.

Grand canal

6

Killed about how many people from labor?

1/2 million

7

Tang Dynasty was know as the ?

Golden age of China

8

Who was the most famous emperor?

Taizong

9

Taizong expanded China's

Territories

10

Introduced land reform

Taizong

11

Land reform was called

Equal field system

12

Distributed land more evenly from preventing what?

Nobles becoming to powerful and rich

13

Created _____ revenue for government

Tax

14

Who controlled the northern parts of China during th Tang Dynasty?

Jin

15

Two eras of tang dynasty

Northern and southern song

16

Accomplishments of song included

Art
Paper
Money
Mechanical clock
Gunpowder

17

To become scholar official you have to do what?

Pass a very difficult exam

18

Exams focused on what kind of belief?

Confucianism

19

Civil service?

Service as a government official

20

Bureaucracies

Bodies of unelected government officials

21

Scholar official

An educated member of the government

22

Scholar officials became the most weak or powerful group in China?

Powerful

23

During Song Dynasty there was a rise in?

Trade in merchant class

24

Also huge increase of ?

Farm production

25

Song allied with ___ to beat Jin

Mongols

26

But then the Mongols defeated them to take over China
True or false?

True

27

Yuan dynasty
Who was the leader of Mongols

Geghis khan

28

Used good very bloodless tactics to take down villages (Mongols)

False used bloody and brutal tactics to take down cities

29

1260 who became Mongol ruled

Kublai khan

30

Captures __________ song of China

Southern

31

Very ______ laws
High ______
__________ against Chinese

Strict
Taxes
Discriminated

32

who became an ambassador for kublai khan

Marco Polo

33

Mongols invaded ____ weakened empire and was a huge failure

Japan

34

Also printed too much _____ ended up useless weakened economy

Money

35

After Mongols empire was weakened this was the chineses opportunity to _________.

Rebel (defeated Mongols 1368)

36

(Ming) kept all ________ influence out of China

Foreign

37

Ming dynasty was know for

Sea voyages

38

Famous sailor from Ming

Zheng he

39

Ming dynasty was also know for

Building projects

40

Ming emperors ruled with _______ control

Direct

41

The _______ city a symbol of China's glory (Ming)

Forbidden

42

China established policy of isolation. What is isolation?

Keeping foreign influence out of country (end of Ming)

43

What was the cause of Tang Dynasty ending?

-Sixth emperor spent to much time with concubine
-led to rebellion
-many fighting for power
~this was called the five dynasties and ten kingdoms

44

Empress wu Zetain?

-Chinas only female ruler
- very victorious and effective
- fair to farmers reduced taxes
-gave women right

45

End of the Ming

-peasant uprising (isolation)
- manachus attacked and toke over starting Qin dynasty

46

Who united the nomadic tribes of Asia and created the Mongol empire?

Genghis Khan

47

Kublai khan was genghis khans…

Grandson

48

A famous military leader who is remembered for loyalty to China during song

Yue fei

49

Supreme commander of Chinese navy during Ming dynasty.

Zheng He

50

Who ended period of disunion

Yang Jian

51

The most revered tang emperor

Taizong

52

Sinbad the sailor was in the book …

1001 Arabian Knights

53

Who was the last ruler in the Sui dynasty

Yang di

54

Who was thought a threat and was tortured and killed in Song Dynasty?

Yue fei

55

Buddhism came from where?

India

56

What was the most dominate philosophy in China

Confucianism

57

Code of behavior was based on 5 key relationships what were they?

Ruler- subject
Parent- child
Husband- wife
Sibling-sibling ( older sibling higher position)
Friend-friend

58

Daoism was based on the teachings of who?

Laozi

59

Taught that humans should see themselves as part of nature. Which teaching was that?

Daoism

60

In Confucianism people are naturally born _____

Good

61

In Confucianism people were taught two basic principles.

Ren= concern for others
Li= Appropriate behavior based on customs and beliefs

62

What dynasty unified China?

Sui