Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (17)
Who are supervisors?
Mental health professionals with training and experience needed to supervise
- 2+ years post-master's degree experience in counseling
- voluntary supervision credential by NBCC
- preferably an LPC
What is supervision?
An intervention provided by a more senior counselor to a more junior counselor.
-It's evaluative, hierarchical & extends over time.
What are the purposes of supervision?
- Enhance professional functioning of jr. members
- monitor the quality of services offered to clients
- serve as gatekeeper for those entering the profession
What are three types of supervision?
Individual - one-on-one
Triadic - 1 supervisor and 2 students (time-saving aspect
Group - 1 supervisor and 6-8 students (e.g. a practicum class)
What is a supervision contract (or agreement)?
A document that outlines the relationship and work between the supervisor and supervisee.
(defines the roles and responsibilities of faculty supervisor, site supervisor, and student)
True/False: letting a client know you are a supervisee is not part of the informed consent process.
FALSE: The client has to be aware that the supervisee is offering counseling under supervision, what the implications and confidentiality limitations are, and what the supervisee's qualifications are.
What is the self-report method of supervision?
Supervisee reports to supervisor what happened in the counseling sessions, the client issues they see, and their own issues and topics of concerns.
What is a concern with the self-report method?
It's subjective and you might not notice your own blind spots. (This is the least effective method.)
What is the most effective method of supervision?
Digital or Audio Recordings.
- Gives supervisors direct access to supervisee's work
- Video is best as you can see nonverbal cues
- Allows supervisor to notice and build upon supervisee's strengths
What is the Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) method?
The supervisor and supervisee watch the digital recording of a session together and both are able to stop the recording when they notice something significant.
- this can be a slow process
What is Reflective Process?
A chance for supervisee to reflect on a problem or dilemma. The supervisor employs Socratic questions to guide the process rather than provide answers.
Which process allows a supervisor to watch a counseling session but not intervene?
What are three types of Live Supervision?
1. Bug in the ear (BITE) - supervisor communicates through wireless earphone
2. Phone-in - using an intercom method for consultation
3. Consultation breaks - supervisee leaves room to consult with supervisor
- the last two methods are fairly disruptive
Is it important for supervisees to be proactive with the supervision process?
Yes - be proactive and assertive because time with supervisor is limited. Come prepared with topics/issues of concern.
True/False: being a supervisee does not involve self-reflection.
FALSE: self-assessment is very important, as well as being open to feedback.
What are four factors that may impact the effectiveness of a supervision experience?
- Personal style
- Supervisor's use of expert and referent power
- Self-disclosure by supervisor
- Past experiences of the supervisee (especially negative experiences)