Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (14):
1

absolute zero

the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter

2

Celsius scale

The temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees

3

Fahrenheit scale

The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees.

4

Kelvin scale

The temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter

5

heat

Thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperature to matter at a lower temperature

6

conduction

The transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another

7

convection

The transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid

8

convection current

A current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid

9

conductor

A material that conducts heat well

10

insulator

A material that does not conduct heat well

11

change of state

The physical change of matter from one state to another

12

heat engine

A device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy

13

external combustion engine

An engine powered by fuel burned outside the engine

14

internal combustion engine

An engine that burns fuel inside cylinders within the engine