P59-92 Flashcards Preview

Science7 > P59-92 > Flashcards

Flashcards in P59-92 Deck (23):
1

kinetic energy

Energy that an object has due to its motion

2

potential energy

Stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object

3

chemical energy

A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds between atoms

4

electrical energy

The energy of moving electrical charges

5

electrode

A metal strip that conducts electricity.

6

electromagnetic energy

A form of energy that travels through space as waves

7

amorphous solid

A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regular pattern

8

crystalline solid

A solid that is made up of crystals in which particles are arranged in a regular repeating patter

9

fluid

A substance that can easily flow

10

liquid

A state of matter that has no definiTe shape but has a definite volume

11

gas

A state of matter with no definite shape or volume

12

melting

The change from the solid to the liquid state of matter

13

melting point

The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid

14

evaporation

The process that occurs when vaporization takes place only on the surface of a liquid

15

freezing

The change from the liquid to the solid state of matter

16

boiling

The process that occurs when vaporization takes place inside a liquid as well as on the surface.

17

boiling point

The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas

18

condensation

The change from the gaseous to the liquid state of matter

19

Boyle's law

A principle that describes the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at constant temperature

20

Charles's law

A principle that describes the relationship between the temperature and volume of a gas at constant pressure

21

graph

A diagram that shows how two variables are related

22

directly proportional

A term used to describe the relationship between two variables whose graph is a straight line passing throug the point (0, 0)

23

origin

The (0, 0) point on a line graph