Chapter 14 A&P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 A&P Deck (19)
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1

The tuft of capillaries found in the renal corpuscle

Glomerulus

2

The tubular structure that leaves the urinary bladder and carries urine out of the body

Urethra

3

The renal ___ is the first part of the nephron

corpuscle

4

Process by which substances that the body needs to eliminate in greater amounts than were filtered in the renal corpuscle are moved from the blood in the peritubular capillaries into the tubules of the nephron

Tubular Secretion

5

Process by which some substances that were filtered out of the blood in the renal corpuscle, but are still needed in the body, are returned from the tubules of the nephron to the blood in the peritubular capillaries

Tubular Resorption

6

The outer portion of the kidney

Renal Cortex

7

The muscular tube that moves urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

Ureter

8

The ___ is the part of the nephron that dips into the renal medulla

Loop of Henle

9

The inner part of the kidney

Renal Medulla

10

The indented part of the kidney where blood and lymph vessels, nerves, and the ureter enter and leave the organ

Hilus

11

The arteriole that carries blood into the glomerulus of the renal corpuscle

Afferent Arteriole

12

The basic funtional unit of the kidney

Nephron

13

The ___ vein carries purified blood out of the kidney

Renal vein

14

The arteriole that carries blood out of the glomerulus of the renal corpuscle

Efferent arterioles

15

The ___ kidney is located more caudal in the abdomen than the other kidney

Left

16

The ___ ducts carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis

Collecting Ducts

17

The ___ Convoluted Tubule is the last tubular portion of the nephron

Distal

18

The ___ convoluted tubule is the first part of the nephron

Proximal

19

The ___ artery is the major arterial blood supply to the kdiney

Renal