chapter 14- Therapy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 14- Therapy Deck (32):
1

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

psychotherapy

2

prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

biomedical therapy

3

an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

eclectic approach

4

Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed that the patient's free associations, resistance, dreams, and transferences- and the analyst's interpretations of them - released previously repressed feelings allowing the patient to gain self- insight

psychoanalysis

5

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

resistance

6

in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

interpretation

7

in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).

transference

8

therapeutic approach derived from the psychoanalytic tradition; views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and seeks to enhance self-insight

psychodynamic therapy

9

therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a person's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

insight therapies

10

a humanistic therapy, developed by carl rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to promote clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy)

client- centered therapy

11

empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of roger's client-centered therapy

active listening

12

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which carl rogers believe would help clients develop self-awareness and self-acceptance

unconditional positive regard

13

therapeutic approach that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

behavior therapy

14

behavior therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning

counterconditioning

15

behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization and virtual reality exposure therapy, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actual situations) to the things they fear and avoid

exposure therapies

16

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed state with gradually increasing, anxiety- triggering stimuli. commonly used to treat phobias

systematic desensitization

17

a counterconditioning technique that treats anxiety by creative electronic simulations in which people can safely face their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking

virtual reality exposure therapy

18

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state )such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)

aversive conditioning

19

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for privileges or treats

token economy

20

therapeutic approach that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

cognitive therapy

21

a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)

cognitive-behavioral therapy

22

therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, providing benefits from group interaction

group therapy

23

therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members

family therapy

24

clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences

evidence-based practice

25

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorders

antipsychotic drugs

26

drugs used to control anxiety and agitation

antianxiety drugs

27

drugs used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder (several widely used antidepressant drugs are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors- SSRIs.)

antidepressant drugs

28

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

29

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

30

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

psychosurgery

31

a psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain

lobotomy

32

the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma

resilience