Chapter 15 - Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving Deck (25)
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1

What is alcohol?

A drug that comes from the fermentation of fruits, grains, or other plants.

2

A BAC of .02% to .03% causes?

1) inhibitions to be lessened
2) judgement and reasoning to be affected

3

A BAC of 0.05% to 0.09% causes?

1) unable to think clearly
2) coordination impairment
3) judgement and reasoning not reliable

4

A BAC of 0.10% to 0.12% causes?

1) hearing, speech, vision, and balance affected
2) behaviors affected

5

alcohol acts on the

central nervous system

6

what alcohol act as?

Anesthetic, slowing activity of the brain

7

Once alcohol enters the bloodstream, it quickly flows to ________

the brain

8

what is euphoria

a false feeling of well-being

9

What is the driver most likely to do when driving under the influence concerning his eyes?

The driver is most likely to fixate in a stare causing a decrease in scanning and searching resulting in ignoring whatever may be in the way like a vehicle or pedestrian.

10

What are inhibitions?

The inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back one's impulsive behavior

11

the peripheral vision of a drunk driver is

narrowed

12

amount of alcohol in the blood

blood-alcohol concentration (BAC)

13

a drinking person usually becomes more

talkative; with less meaning

14

Each drink adds about how much of a percentage to the person?

0.02-0.03%

15

The term "proof" means what?

the strength of liquor

16

How do you figure out the percent of alcohol in a drink?

Divide the liquor's proof number by two

17

How fast does the body rid itself of alcohol?

3/4 of a standard drink an hour

18

How is alcohol removed?

Alcohol continues to circulate until it is oxidized and removed by the liver

19

What is a depressant?

A drug that slows down the central nervous system

20

What is a stimulant?

A drug that can speed up the central nervous system

21

What is a hallucinogen?

Unpredictable mind altering drugs that alter personality and distort a person's sense of direction, distance, and time

22

What is the implied-consent law?

Anyone who receives a driver's license consents to be tested for BAC

23

Difference between DWI and DUI?

DWI means driving while intoxicated

DUI means driving under the influence

24

What is divided attention impairment?

Inability to to perform two tasks at once

25

What is nystagmus?

Involuntary jerking of the eyes as a person gazes to the side