Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving Deck (25)
What is alcohol?
A drug that comes from the fermentation of fruits, grains, or other plants.
A BAC of .02% to .03% causes?
1) inhibitions to be lessened
2) judgement and reasoning to be affected
A BAC of 0.05% to 0.09% causes?
1) unable to think clearly
2) coordination impairment
3) judgement and reasoning not reliable
A BAC of 0.10% to 0.12% causes?
1) hearing, speech, vision, and balance affected
2) behaviors affected
alcohol acts on the
central nervous system
what alcohol act as?
Anesthetic, slowing activity of the brain
Once alcohol enters the bloodstream, it quickly flows to ________
what is euphoria
a false feeling of well-being
What is the driver most likely to do when driving under the influence concerning his eyes?
The driver is most likely to fixate in a stare causing a decrease in scanning and searching resulting in ignoring whatever may be in the way like a vehicle or pedestrian.
What are inhibitions?
The inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back one's impulsive behavior
the peripheral vision of a drunk driver is
amount of alcohol in the blood
blood-alcohol concentration (BAC)
a drinking person usually becomes more
talkative; with less meaning
Each drink adds about how much of a percentage to the person?
The term "proof" means what?
the strength of liquor
How do you figure out the percent of alcohol in a drink?
Divide the liquor's proof number by two
How fast does the body rid itself of alcohol?
3/4 of a standard drink an hour
How is alcohol removed?
Alcohol continues to circulate until it is oxidized and removed by the liver
What is a depressant?
A drug that slows down the central nervous system
What is a stimulant?
A drug that can speed up the central nervous system
What is a hallucinogen?
Unpredictable mind altering drugs that alter personality and distort a person's sense of direction, distance, and time
What is the implied-consent law?
Anyone who receives a driver's license consents to be tested for BAC
Difference between DWI and DUI?
DWI means driving while intoxicated
DUI means driving under the influence
What is divided attention impairment?
Inability to to perform two tasks at once