Chapter 13 - Handling Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Handling Emergencies Deck (30)
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1

unbalanced wheels and poor allignment

can cause tires to wear unevenly

2

tire loses all air pressure suddenly

tire blowout

3

when a tire blows out,

it pulls in the direction of the deflated tire

4

when a rear tire blows out,

the back of the vehicle can fishtail (swerving back and forth)

5

what is the first thing you should do in a tire blowout

grip the steering wheel firmly (and do not brake!!)

6

what action should you take when changing a tire?

block the wheel that is diagonally opposite the flat tire

7

in total brake failure, what is the first thing you can do?

pump the brake pedal. pumping might temporarily restore enough brake-fluid pressure to slow or stop the vehicle

8

in power brake failure, your brakes have not failed, you just need to

you must push the brake pedal down harder

9

When the brakes overheat and lose their effectiveness, the condition is called...

brake fade

10

if your accelerator is flat on the floor, what might the problem be?

the accelerator might have a broken spring

11

if your engine doesn't return to idling speed when you release the accelerator, what might be wrong...

your accelerator might be stuck

12

what is the first step if you have a stuck accelerator

kick the side of the accelerator once to try to jar it free

13

if there is light traffic with a stuck accelerator, you might

put your toe under the accelerator pedal and lift

14

if your engine suddenly stalls in traffic, what should you do first

shift to neutral

15

when too much fuel and not enough air reach the engine, it created

a flooded engine

16

when a flooded engine happens, you should

hold the accelerator pedal to the floor to let air in and release excess fuel from the engine

17

driving up long hills and using the AC can cause

an overheated engine

18

what actions should you take if you have total steering failure

use your horn and hazard flashers to communicate you emergency, stop as quickly but do NOT brake, use the parking brake

19

power-steering failure

occurs when the engine dies, when the power-steering fluid is low, or when a drive belt dips or breaks

20

what should you do in power-steering failure

the steering mechanism still works, but you must exert more effort to steer

21

What should you carry in your vehicle in the event of a fuel, oil, grease, electrical, or ordinary combustible fire?

ABC fire extinguisher

22

Smoke is coming out of your vehicle's engine compartment, you have stopped in a safe places, you should then...

turn off the ignition

23

Your vehicle stalls on roadway tracks and cannot be restarted, what should you do next?

get any passengers out of the vehicle and run away in the direction the train is coming

24

The first action to take when making an off road recovery is to

hold the steering wheel firmly

25

An obstruction is just ahead on the shoulder your front wheel leaves the roadway at high speeds, when do you counter steer?

the instant the front tire touches the roadway

26

At what speeds can you swerve to a new path in less distance when you need to stop?

at least 30 mph or above

27

What should you do first if you enter a curve too fast?

brake gently

28

Your vehicle is force off the roadway and into a lake, although your windows are pulled up, your vehicle is sinks rapidly beneath the surface, what should you do after unfastening your seat belts?

try to get a full breath of air, move quickly to the area closest to the surface, roll down the window, climb out and swim to the surface.

29

an oncoming vehicle crosses the center line and drives into your lane, you should...

maintain control and slow

30

to avoid a side-impact collision

brake or accelerate quickly