Chapter 15 - Legal And Ethical Issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Legal And Ethical Issues Deck (23):
1

Canadian psychological associations code of ethics

Guides the behaviour of psychologists

2

Dr. Smith research on psychotherapy

Look this up

3

Ethical practice of psychology

Beneficence, non maleficence
Fidelity and responsibility
Integrity
Justice
Respect for people's rights

4

Deinstitutionalization

Beds decreased 78% between 1962 and 1977
Problems emerged by 1979
Reasons for failure?
Homelessness increase

5

Homelessness

33-73% have psych
Schizophrenia at greatest risk after deinstitutionalization
Comorbidity with drug and alcohol

6

Civil commitment

Involuntary treatment made by government on people who present danger to themselves and others
Also outpatient commitment

7

Criminal commitment

Court ordered that forces involuntary treatment in person with psych who commits a crime

8

NGRI

Not guilty by reason of insanity
Used in 1% of felony cases successful 15-25%

9

M'Naghten rule

England 1843 not guilty of crime if they didn't know their actions were wrong

10

Mens rea

Latin term for guilty mind

11

GEI

Guilty except insane

12

Andre Dallaire

34 broke into PM's house
Paranoid schizophrenia, found NCRMD

13

Blair Donnelly

48 male
Stabbed daughter to death
Manic episode, found NCRMD

14

Luca Magnotta

Murdered student, convicted, fled Canada
BPD? Failed plea of NCRMD

15

Fitness to stand trial

If they can't assist in their own defence, considered incompetent to stand trial

16

Kenneth Bianci

Hillside strangler claimed MPD, was lying
Dr. Martin Orne conducted research in hypnosis, memory, lie detection

17

Duty to warn

Reasonable care to protect third parties from dangers posed by patients
Tarasoff decision
Based on belief that mental health clinicians can predict human behaviour

18

Licensing

To practice therapy, must adhere to the laws and codes of ethics
Must attend continuing education

19

Rights of participants in research

Nuremberg code (voluntary consent)
Experiment must be conducted by qualified individuals
Discontinue participation at any time
Declaration of Helsinki
Belmont report
Informed consent
Institutional review board

20

Tuskegee Experiment

400 poor black men with syphilis
Penicillin in 1947, denied treatment

21

KKI lead paint study provided testing not treatment Baltimore

Offered benefit to those already living in house with lead paint
IRB did not consider all the risks to the patients
Harmful to group moved

22

Psychologist ability to predict violence

A little better than chance

23

Psychologists in custody evaluations, percent of ethics complaints

35%