Chapter 15 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Quiz Deck (15)
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1

Libel is any _______ communication that is malicious

Written

2

What term means speech that endangers the authority existence of the government ?

Sedition

3

What term means attempt to undermine the authority and existence of the government ?

Subversion

4

On what grounds did the Nixon administration attempt to prevent the publication of the Pentagon Papers ?

National Security

5

What rule was designed to prevent police from making illegal searches and seizures ?

Exclusionary rule

6

In the Fifth Amendment, what term means the conducting of a fair and proper trial ?

Due process

7

What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed ?

Ex post facto laws

8

This Supreme Court decision forbade teacher-led prayer in public schools

Engel v Vitale

9

This Supreme Court decision established the threefold test for scrutinizing church-state relations

Lemon v Kurtzman

10

Which Supreme Court case ruled that evidence gathered illegally is inadmissible in court ?

Mapp v Ohio

11

Which Supreme Court case determined that defendants must be advised of their constitutional rights upon arrest ?

Miranda v Arizona

12

Which Supreme Court case ruled the segregation in schools was unconstitutional ?

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka

13

What amendment protects Americans from self-incrimination ?

5th amendement

14

Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statements

The accused has the right to remain silent to avoid self-incrimination if he chooses to speak, what he says can be used against him in court. He has a right to a attorney. If he can't afford counsel, an attorney will be provided by the state. He has the right to end police questioning whether he chooses

15

Identify and explain the steps of the criminal justices process from arrest to sentencing

Arrest
Booking- the suspects is photographed and finger printed, and his personal into is recorded
Initial appearance- the accused meets with a magistrate within hours of arrest to hear the charges, be reminded of his rights, and be considered for bail
Preliminary hearing- a judge determines whether there is enough evidence to continue with judicial process
Grand-jury review- a grand jury hears evidence and decides whether to issue an indictment
Arrangment- the accused appeals in trial court; the judge reads the indictment; and the accused enters a plea
Trial
Sentencing (if they are found guilty)- the judge decides what punishment the convicted person will receive