Chapter 15 Quiz Flashcards Preview

gšŸ“ > Chapter 15 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Quiz Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...

Libel is any _______ communication that is malicious



What term means speech that endangers the authority existence of the government ?



What term means attempt to undermine the authority and existence of the government ?



On what grounds did the Nixon administration attempt to prevent the publication of the Pentagon Papers ?

National Security


What rule was designed to prevent police from making illegal searches and seizures ?

Exclusionary rule


In the Fifth Amendment, what term means the conducting of a fair and proper trial ?

Due process


What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed ?

Ex post facto laws


This Supreme Court decision forbade teacher-led prayer in public schools

Engel v Vitale


This Supreme Court decision established the threefold test for scrutinizing church-state relations

Lemon v Kurtzman


Which Supreme Court case ruled that evidence gathered illegally is inadmissible in court ?

Mapp v Ohio


Which Supreme Court case determined that defendants must be advised of their constitutional rights upon arrest ?

Miranda v Arizona


Which Supreme Court case ruled the segregation in schools was unconstitutional ?

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka


What amendment protects Americans from self-incrimination ?

5th amendement


Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statements

The accused has the right to remain silent to avoid self-incrimination if he chooses to speak, what he says can be used against him in court. He has a right to a attorney. If he can't afford counsel, an attorney will be provided by the state. He has the right to end police questioning whether he chooses


Identify and explain the steps of the criminal justices process from arrest to sentencing

Booking- the suspects is photographed and finger printed, and his personal into is recorded
Initial appearance- the accused meets with a magistrate within hours of arrest to hear the charges, be reminded of his rights, and be considered for bail
Preliminary hearing- a judge determines whether there is enough evidence to continue with judicial process
Grand-jury review- a grand jury hears evidence and decides whether to issue an indictment
Arrangment- the accused appeals in trial court; the judge reads the indictment; and the accused enters a plea
Sentencing (if they are found guilty)- the judge decides what punishment the convicted person will receive