Flashcards in Chapter 14 Quiz Deck (20)
What are prior authoritative court rulings upon which law is based ?
What term means the revelation of God's law through Scripture ?
What term means conformity to God's divine character as revealed in the Bible ?
To whom did English common law apply ?
What is the name given to the judicial system that has both state courts and federal courts ?
What term means the right of a court to hear a case first ?
In most states, what type of jury indicts, or charges, accused criminals ?
In most states, what type of jury hears cases and denies their outcomes ?
When does the Supreme Court session begin ?
First Monday of October
Who was responsible for the compilation of the Corpus Juris Civilis ?
What is the term for making judicial decisions based on previous rulings ?
What is the most famous ancient collection of laws ?
Code of Hammurabi
What is the first codification of Roman law called ?
Law of the Twelve Tables
Which Supreme Court cased decided the presidential election of 2000 ?
Bush v Gore
Which Supreme Court case ruled segregation illegal in schools ?
Brown v Board of Education
Which chief justice brought strength and prestige the Supreme Court ?
A _________ opinion of a Supreme Court justice is when the Justice agrees with the majority or minority for different reasons than those presented in the decision or dissent
Explain why the implementation of common law was beneficial to the new American republic
It was based on experience and not the decree of a ruler. It was not created by a ruler, but was the source of his power. It was reflective of Christian values
Describe the U.S. federal court system
It was 3-tiered. Top is the Supreme Court. Below that are the appellate courts (12 circuit courts of appeals). St the bottom are the district court (94 of them)