CHAPTER 15: the endocrine system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CHAPTER 15: the endocrine system Deck (31)
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1

crin/o

to secrete

2

hormon/o

to set in motion

3

dips/o

thrist

4

acr/o

extremity

5

acidosis

the sign of excess acid in the body
when carbon dioxide accumulates in tissues
symptom of diabetes mellitus or caused by respiratory or kidney disorders

6

exophthalmos

the abnormal protrusion of the eyes
symptom of excessive activity of the thyroid glad
means outside eyes

7

goiter

A symptom of thyroid gland disease is a swelling on the anterior side of the neck in the location of the thyroid gland

8

hirsutism

A symptom of excessive body hair in a masculine pattern
caused by hyper secretion of androgens
chronic: adrenal virilism

9

ketosis

an excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine
symptom of unmanaged diabetes
also known as: ketoacidosis becaue produces acid

10

polydipsia

excessive amount of thirst

11

polyuria

symptom of pituitary gland disease when the hormone ADH is not produced normally also a symptom of diabetes
a production of urine in large volumes

12

adenocarcinoma, andenoma

a malignant tumor that arises from epithelial tissue to form a glandular or gland like pattern of cells

13

adrenalitis

inflammation of the adrenal gland

14

adrenal insufficiency

reduces the body's ability to manage stress and infection

15

adrenal hyperplasia

excessive growth of the adrenal gland

16

congenital hypothyroidism

chidlren
develops from inability to produce normal levels f growth hormones at birth
results in reduced mental development and physical growth

17

cushing syndrome (c foutz)

disease involving mulitple organs causing many symptoms
caused by excessive secretion cortisol by adrenal cortex
obesity and Moon face

18

diabetes insipidus

caused by hyposecretion of ADH by the pituitary gland
symptoms of polydipsia and polyuria

19

diabetes mellitus

result of resistance of body cells to insulin or a deficiency or complete lack of insulin production by the cells of the pancreas

20

diabetic nephropathy

when DM causes kidney failure and heart failure

21

endocrinopathy

a general term for a disease of the endocrine system

22

Acromegaly

Enlargement of the bone structure due to hyper secretion of the growth hormone from the pituitary gland

23

Hyperadrenalism

Cushing syndrome

24

Hypoadrenalism

Starts with fatigue and skin darkening
Addison disease

25

Hypercalcemia

Calcium levels in bloodstream become abnormally high caused by too much parathyroid hormone

26

Hypoglycemia

Too much sugar in the blood sign of DM

27

Hypothyroidism

Too much PTH usually caused by a tumor
Leads to hypercalcemia

28

Hyperthyroidism

Too much thyroid hormone
Graves' disease
Autoimmune disease

29

Hypothyroidism

Autoimmune disorder
Hashimoto's disease
Myxedema chronic
Swelling

30

Hypogonadism

FSH low and LH
Reduced sexual interest