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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (34):
0

What was the capital of the CSA?

Richmond, Virginia

1

What were border states?

States divided over the issue of slavery

2

Which side had the larger army?

North

3

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

To reunite the country

4

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda plan

5

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

To preserve their way of life

6

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

South- after cities
North- after rivers or landmarks

7

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

Battle of bull run

8

Who were the two generals of this battle?

Union: gen. Irwin McDowell
Confederate: gen. P. G. T. Beauregard

9

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?

By reinforcements led by General Thomas Jackson

10

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?

Thomas "stonewall" Jackson

11

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?

The confederates let out a loud and strange scream

12

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull Run?

They were too disorganized and weakened

13

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

Battle of fort Henry and fort donelson

14

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

The Merrimack

15

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break through the North’s defense?

Ironsides

16

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

Ulysses s. Grant and his 42,000 troops resting in a church named Shiloh

17

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

The battle of Antietam

18

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

Towards taking action against slavery

19

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

20

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the North?

Because of lack of industry, shortages of essential goods due to the blockade, and farmland being over run.

21

What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?

The emancipation proclamation

22

Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?

Frederick Douglass

23

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

African Americans in the war

24

What was the turning point of the war?

The unions victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg

25

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being dominant?

The Gettysburg address

26

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

Equality, freedom, and states rights

27

What was important about David Farragut?

He was the highest ranking officer in the union

28

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?

Towards savannah, Georgia

29

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Appomattox court house

30

How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the Southern troops?

Very forgiving

31

What treaty ended the Civil War?

There was no official treaty

32

How many soldiers died in the war?

Over 600,000 soldiers died

33

How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after the war?

The federal government was strengthened and was now clearly more powerful than the states