Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (14):
1

4 stages of infectious process

- incubation
- prodromal
- illness
- convalescent

2

when an organism firsts enters the body and lasts until the onset of symptoms

incubation

3

the short time from the onset of vague, nonspecific symptoms to the beginning of specific symptoms of infection

prodromal period

4

localized and systemic sighs and symptoms appear, fever, headache, and malaise may occur

illness period

5

period begins when the symptoms begin to subside and extends until the patient has returned to a normal state of health

convalescent period

6

health care associated infections

infections transmitted to a person while receiving health care services

7

who is at risk for HAI's?

-surgical incisions w/or without drains
-artificial airways
-indwelling urinary catheters
-central lines

8

delineate methods for avoiding direct contact w/all body secretions except seat

standard precautions

9

based on interrupting the mode of transmission by identifying the specific secretions, body fluids, tissues, or excretions that might be infective

transmission based precautions

10

PPE donned order

-gown
-mask
- googles/face shield
-gloves

11

4 rules of surgical asepsis

-know what is sterile
-know what is not sterile
-separate sterile from unsterile
-remedy contamination immediately

12

principles of aseptic technique

- only sterile items are used w/in the sterile field
- the edges of a sterile package are considered contaminated after opened
-avoid reaching across a sterile field
-open wrapper away from the body
-area 1 in surrounding the outer edge of the sterile field is unsterile
- keep hands above waist level

13

steps in the brushless technique

- dispense 2mL of antimicrobial agent into the palm of one hand
- w/the fingertips of the other hand, work some of the alcohol based agent under nails
-spread remaining portion of the agent over all surfaces of the hand and arm just above elbow
- dispense another 2mL into palm of other hand
-repeat

14

n-95 mask

-patients in airborne precautions
-pulmonary tuberculosis
-varicella
-rubeola