Chapter 17 - Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Endocrine System Deck (126)
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1

Pertaining to a gland that produces an internal or hormonal secretion

Endocrine

2

Medical specialty concerned with the production and effects of hormones

Endocrinology

3

A medical specialist in endocrinology

Endocrinologist

4

A collection of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ

Gland

5

Chemical formed in one tissue or organ and carried by the blood to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ

Hormone

6

Pertaining to a hormone or the endocrine system

Hormonal

7

Hormone secreted by adipose tissue

Leptin

8

Hormone formed by the pineal gland

Melatonin

9

Hypothalamic hormone, stored in the posterior pituitary, that stimulates the uterus to contract

Oxytocin

10

Endocrine glands embedded in the back of the thyroid gland

Parathyroid

11

Pertaining to the pineal gland

Pineal

12

Pertaining to the pituitary gland

Pituitary

13

Hormone present in many tissues, but first isolated from prostate gland

Prostaglandin

14

Depression that occurs at the same time every year, often in winter

Seasonal affective disorder

15

A neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous system

Serotonin

16

Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Adenohypophysis

17

The suprarenal, or adrenal, gland on the upper pole of each kidney

Adrenal gland

18

Hormone of the anterior pituitary that stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland to produce its own hormones

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

19

Posterior pituitary hormone that decreases ruined output by acting on the kidney

Antidiuretic hormone

20

A hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

Corticosteroid

21

Pituitary hormone that stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone

Corticotropin

22

Another name for the pituitary gland

Hypophysis

23

Posterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Neurohypophysis

24

Pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk

Prolactin

25

Hormone of the anterior pituitary that stimulates growth of body tissues

Somatotropin

26

Endocrine gland in the neck, of a cartilage of the larynx

Thyroid

27

Hormone from the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates function of the thyroid gland

Thyrotropin

28

Thyroid hormone T4, tertaiodothyronine

Thyroxine

29

Tropic hormones stimulate other endocrine glands to produce hormones

Tropic

30

Enlargement of the head, face, hands, and feet due to excess growth hormone in an adult

Acromegaly