Chapter 6 - Urinary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Urinary System Deck (103)
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1

The process of removing metabolic waste

Excretion

2

Protein is broken down into _____

Amino acids

3

When an amino acid is broken down, ______ is produced

Ammonia

4

Hollow sac that holds fluid like urine or bile

Bladder

5

Organ of excretion

Kidney

6

Surgical removal of a kidney

Nephrectomy

7

Medical specialty of disease of the kidney

Nephrology

8

Medical specialist in disease of the kidney

Nephrologist

9

Pertaining to the kidney

Renal

10

End product of nitrogen metabolism

Urea

11

Inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

12

Fluid and dissolved substances excreted by kidney

Urine

13

Pertaining to urine

Urinary

14

To pass urine

Urinate

15

The act of passing urine

Urination

16

Medical specialty of disorders of the urinary system

Urology

17

Medical specialist in disorders of the urinary system

Urologist

18

Pertaining to urology

Urological

19

Funnel shaped structure

Calyx

20

Outer portion of an organ

Cortex

21

Pertaining to the cortex

Cortical

22

That which has passed through a filter

Filtrate

23

A porous substance through which a liquid or gas is passed to separate out contained particles; or to use a filter

Filter

24

Process of passing liquid through a filter

Filtration

25

Plexus of capillaries; part of a nephron

Glomerulus

26

Pertaining to or affecting a glomerulus or glomeruli

Glomerular

27

The part where the nerves and blood vessels enter and leave an organ

Hilum

28

Part of the renal tubule where reabsorption occurs

Loop of Henle

29

Central portion of a structure surrounded by cortex

Medulla

30

Filtration unit of the kidney; glomerulus and renal tubule

Nephron