Chapter 18 & 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 & 19 Deck (41):
1

A mass or strip of ore sandwiched between layers of rock

Lode

2

A mineral mined for the valuable substance it contains, such as silver

Ore

3

Grant of money from the government to a person or a company for an action intended to benefit the public

Subsidy

4

To acquire a piece of US public land by living on and cultivated

Homestead

5

A way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in ground where there is some moisture

Dry farming

6

An area of public lands set aside for native Americans

Reservations

7

Store where farmers bought products from each other; an enterprise owned and operated by those who use its services

Cooperative

8

The uniform width of 4 feet, 8.5 in for rail road tracks, adopted during the 1880s

Standard gauge

9

Discount or return of part of a payment

Rebate

10

The production of large quantities of goods using machinery and often an assembly line

Mass production

11

Shares of ownership a company sells in its business which often caring voting power

Stock

12

A person who invests in a corporation by buying stock and is a partial owner

Shareholder

13

Total control of a type of industry by one person or one company

Monopoly

14

Discussion between an employer and union representatives off workers over wages, hours, and working conditions

Collective bargaining

15

How does a boomtown become a ghost town?

-deserted as prospectors moved on to more promising sites or returned home
-when miners no yielded ore, people left the towns
-when the minerals run out (a bust)

16

What is a boomtown?

-a community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population
-towns that grew quickly near mining sites

17

What is a ghost town?

-former mining towns that become deserted

18

What was some reasons why the transcontinental railroad was built?

-transport people and goods quickly
-send supplies to the west
-"connect" east and west

19

What were some results of the transcontinental railroad?

- the railroads brought thousands of workers and settlers to the west
-coal, steel, construction made money
-time zones were created

20

What was the long drive?

Herding cattle 1000 or more to railroad

21

What ended the "cattle kingdom"?

-the priced collapsed
-too many cattle

22

What was the homestead act?

Gave 160 free acres of land to a settler who had lived on the land for at least 5 years

23

Who were the exodusters?

African Americans who migrated from southern states to Kansas during reconstruction
"They are finding there promise land"

24

Tell about the reservation policy.

-Developed by the Indian peace commission
-Oklahoma and Dakota were the largest reservations
-reservations were often located on poor land

25

Tell about the Indian wars.

-wounded knee was the last battle between Indians and whites
-Indians defeated the US army at Little Bighorn
-the government had promised that whites would not settle the black hills

26

Tell about the Dawes act.

-broke up reservations, giving land Indians
-Indian children were sent to white run boarding schools
-encouraged Indians to become farmers

27

1) farmers wanted to organize to solve their problems
2)_________________________________________________________
3) the national grange was formed

2) education, fellowship support given to farmers; self sufficiency was stressed

28

1) the populist party forms
2) populist party candidates lost two presidential elections
3)_________________________________________________________

3) the populist crusade for free silver (end to the gold standard) and wanted 8 hour work day, income tax, secret ballot, and direct election of senators

29

Name positive things that happened since the railroad.

-time zones were created
-many industries grew
-population redistributed as people were able to move through the country easily

30

Name some negative things that happened when railroads were created.

-smaller railroad companies were bought out and put out of business
-railroad companies conspired together to set prices that would get them big profits
-big railroad customers get good rates while smaller customers paid more to use railroad

31

Who invented the telegraph?

Samuel morse

32

Who invented the telephone?

Alexander graham bell

33

Who invented the (Kodak) small box camera?

George Eastman

34

Who invented the typewriter?

Christopher sholls

35

Who invented the light bulb?

Thomas Edison

36

Who invented the assembly line?

Henry ford

37

Who invented the airplane?

The wright brothers

38

What are the three factors of production? Explain.

Land-means land and all natural resources
Labor-large numbers of workers were needed to make raw materials into goods because of rapid growth of population
Capitol-the equipment

39

Pieces are called____

Stock

40

People who buy stock are_____

Shareholders or stockholders

41

List some goals of the unions:

-work for less hours
-have better pay
-safer working environments
-end to child labor
-equal pay by gender