Flashcards in Chapter 18 & 19 Deck (41):
A mass or strip of ore sandwiched between layers of rock
A mineral mined for the valuable substance it contains, such as silver
Grant of money from the government to a person or a company for an action intended to benefit the public
To acquire a piece of US public land by living on and cultivated
A way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in ground where there is some moisture
An area of public lands set aside for native Americans
Store where farmers bought products from each other; an enterprise owned and operated by those who use its services
The uniform width of 4 feet, 8.5 in for rail road tracks, adopted during the 1880s
Discount or return of part of a payment
The production of large quantities of goods using machinery and often an assembly line
Shares of ownership a company sells in its business which often caring voting power
A person who invests in a corporation by buying stock and is a partial owner
Total control of a type of industry by one person or one company
Discussion between an employer and union representatives off workers over wages, hours, and working conditions
How does a boomtown become a ghost town?
-deserted as prospectors moved on to more promising sites or returned home
-when miners no yielded ore, people left the towns
-when the minerals run out (a bust)
What is a boomtown?
-a community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population
-towns that grew quickly near mining sites
What is a ghost town?
-former mining towns that become deserted
What was some reasons why the transcontinental railroad was built?
-transport people and goods quickly
-send supplies to the west
-"connect" east and west
What were some results of the transcontinental railroad?
- the railroads brought thousands of workers and settlers to the west
-coal, steel, construction made money
-time zones were created
What was the long drive?
Herding cattle 1000 or more to railroad
What ended the "cattle kingdom"?
-the priced collapsed
-too many cattle
What was the homestead act?
Gave 160 free acres of land to a settler who had lived on the land for at least 5 years
Who were the exodusters?
African Americans who migrated from southern states to Kansas during reconstruction
"They are finding there promise land"
Tell about the reservation policy.
-Developed by the Indian peace commission
-Oklahoma and Dakota were the largest reservations
-reservations were often located on poor land
Tell about the Indian wars.
-wounded knee was the last battle between Indians and whites
-Indians defeated the US army at Little Bighorn
-the government had promised that whites would not settle the black hills
Tell about the Dawes act.
-broke up reservations, giving land Indians
-Indian children were sent to white run boarding schools
-encouraged Indians to become farmers
1) farmers wanted to organize to solve their problems
3) the national grange was formed
2) education, fellowship support given to farmers; self sufficiency was stressed
1) the populist party forms
2) populist party candidates lost two presidential elections
3) the populist crusade for free silver (end to the gold standard) and wanted 8 hour work day, income tax, secret ballot, and direct election of senators
Name positive things that happened since the railroad.
-time zones were created
-many industries grew
-population redistributed as people were able to move through the country easily
Name some negative things that happened when railroads were created.
-smaller railroad companies were bought out and put out of business
-railroad companies conspired together to set prices that would get them big profits
-big railroad customers get good rates while smaller customers paid more to use railroad
Who invented the telegraph?
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander graham bell
Who invented the (Kodak) small box camera?
Who invented the typewriter?
Who invented the light bulb?
Who invented the assembly line?
Who invented the airplane?
The wright brothers
What are the three factors of production? Explain.
Land-means land and all natural resources
Labor-large numbers of workers were needed to make raw materials into goods because of rapid growth of population
Pieces are called____
People who buy stock are_____
Shareholders or stockholders