Chapter 18 - Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Final Deck (29):
1

Anxiety disorder: Serotonin is ______, norepinephrine is ______, and GABA is _______.

decreased; increased; decreased

2

We need ____ to keep us from becoming anxious

GABA

3

Recurrent panic attacks, onset unpredictable, and manifested by intense apprehension, fear, or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom and accompanied by intense physical discomfort

Panic Disorders

4

Fear of being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help might not be available if a panic attack should occur

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5

Characterized by chronic, unrealistic, and excessive anxiety and worry

Anxiety disorder

6

Excessive fear of situations in which the person might do something embarrassing or be evaluated negatively by others

Social Phobia

7

Marked, persistent, and excessive or unreasonable fear when in the presence of, or when anticipating, an encounter with a specific object or situation

Specific Phobia

8

_____ theory is unconscious fears may be expressed in symbolic manner as phobia

Psychoanalytic Theory

9

______ theory is fears are learned and become conditioned responses when the individual escapes panic anxiety (a negative reinforcement) by avoiding phobic stimulus

Learning Theory

10

_____ theory is anxiety is the product of faulty cognitions or anxiety-inducing self-instructions. Negative self statements or irrational beliefs

Cognitive Theory

11

Unwanted, intrusive, persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images that cause marked anxiety or distress

Obsessions

12

Unwanted repetitive behavior patters or mental acts intended to reduce anxiety, not to provide pleasure or gratification

Compulsions

13

In panic disorders ______ is increased

norepinephrine

14

In anxiety disorders _______ and ______ decreases

Serotonin and GABA

15

Recurrent obsessions or compulsions that are severe enough to be time-consuming or to cause marked distress or significant impairment

OCD

16

What neurotransmitter may be influential in the etiology of OCD?

Serotonin

17

Characteristic symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor involving a personal threat to physical integrity or to the physical integrity of others. Include re-experiencing the traumatic event, a sustained high level of anxiety or arousal, or a general numbing of responsiveness

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

18

Most common cause of PTSD in the US is ________.

Car accidents

19

Anti-anxiety agents act by _____ the CNS

Depressing

20

Anti-anxiety agents are contraindicated with ______

other CNS depressants

21

Benzodiazepines ______ activity which leads to relaxation

Increase GABA

22

Buspirone (BuSpar) is not a _______, it acts on ______

CNS depressant; serotonin

23

A _______ reactions is opposite of what is expected

Paradoxical

24

3 classes of drugs used for PTSD

Antidepressants, anxiolytics, antihypertensives

25

Anxiolytics work by ________

increasing GABA

26

Xanax, Valium, Ativan, BuSpar are all ________.

Benzodiazepines

27

Benzodiazepines increase _________, which leads to relaxation

GABA

28

Ex. patient is afraid of spiders so you let a spider crawl on them. Exposing a patient to their fears all at once.

Implosion therapy - flooding

29

Allowing a person to over come their fear through gradual steps

Systematic desensitization