Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (30):
Acute stress reactions
reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation.
the spread of an organism in aerosol form.
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to , hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
the primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the United States. The CDC is part of the US department of Health and Human services.
a disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
the presence of infectious organisms on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patients body.
cover and concealment
the tactical use of an impenetrable barrier of protection
Critical Incident Stress management (CISM)
a process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
Cumulative stress reactions
prolonged or excessive stress
Delayed stress reactions
reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful situation
the individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact
a situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur
the contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease
General adaptation syndrome
the body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or , if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
the organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent
the body's ability t protect itself from acquiring a disease.
exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
the abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasite, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel
a medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
the federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
a microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
protective equipment that OSHA requires to be made available to the EMT. In the case of infectious risk, PPE blocks entry of an organism into the body.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
a delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. THis delayed reaction is often the result to one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident.
the way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.