Chapter 2/4: Bacterial Cytoplasm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2/4: Bacterial Cytoplasm Deck (16):
1

What is the largest structure in the bacterial cytoplasm?

DNA nucleoid

2

What structure is mainly for storage in bacteria?

Inclusion bodies

3

What type of bacterial inclusion bodies are used in carbon storage?

Polyhydroxybutyrate granules

4

What type of bacterial inclusion bodies are used in sulfur storage?

Sulfur globules

5

What type of bacterial inclusion bodies are used for buoyancy?

Gas vesicles

6

What type of bacterial inclusion bodies are the location for carbon fixation?

Carboxysomes

7

What type of organisms would you find carboxysomes?

Autotrophic organisms

8

What type of organisms would you find sulfur globules?

Chemosynthetic organisms

9

What type of bacterial inclusion bodies are associated with direction finding?

Magnetosomes

10

What type of cytoskeleton proteins provide an internal structural support framework?

MreB proteins

11

What type of cytoskeleton proteins polymerize to form actin-like helical bands next to plasma membrane?

MreB proteins

12

What type of cytoskeleton proteins direct cell wall formation during cell division?

FtsZ proteins

13

What structure is formed during cell division by FtsZ proteins?

Z-ring

14

Which two bacterial cytoskeleton proteins help move plasmids to opposite poles prior to cell division?

ParR, ParM

15

What type of bacterial cytoskeleton proteins polymerize to separate plasmids during cell division?

ParM

16

What type of bacterial cytoskeleton proteins act to align magnetosomes to one another?

MamK