Flashcards in Chapter 1: Introduction Deck (26):
What is included in microbes?
Bacteria, fungi, algae, protists
What characteristics define life?
Metabolism, growth, reproduction, genetic variation, adaptation, homeostasis
What are the essential macromolecules for life and subunits of each?
Polypeptides, Nucleic acids, Lipids, Polysaccharides
Which macromolecule serves as an enzyme?
Which macromolecule serves as transport channels?
Which macromolecule helps store genetic information?
What subunits make up nucleic acids?
Which nucleotide is only found in DNA?
Which nucleotide is only found in RNA?
How did the phonetic taxonomic system characterize eukaryotes from prokaryotes?
Who characterized three different phylogenetic domains based on conserved sequences in DNA in the 1970s?
What are the three domains of the phylogenetic taxonomic system?
Bacteria, Achaea, Eukarya
Which phylogenetic domain(s) do not have a nuclear membrane?
Are membrane-bound organelles found in Bacteria?
Are membrane-bound organelles found in Archaea?
Which domain(s) has/have a plasma membrane?
Which domains have similar plasma membranes?
Which domains have a cell wall in nearly all species?
Are cell walls found in Eukarya?
In some species
Which domain has a cell wall constructed of peptidoglycan?
Which domain(s) has/have a single polymerase?
Which domain has a Eukaryal-like RNA pol II?
Which domain(s) has/have more than one polymerase and what are they named?
Eukarya (RNA pol I, II, III)
Which domain contains histone-like proteins?
Which domain(s) has/have histones?