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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (49)
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1

Institutional social welfare services

Proactive; In place to prevent problems before they arise

2

Residual services

Come after there is an identifiable problem

3

Colonial period

Earliest social welfare system- Elizabethan Poor Laws

4

Elizabethan poor laws

English system- outlined public’s responsibility for poor

5

Pre-civil war

Residential institutions

6

Friedman’s bureau

Provide temporary assistance to newly freed slaves post civil war

7

Progressive era

Following civil war. Birth social work profession

8

Pendulum economy

Pendulum swings from strong belief in social responsibility during economic upheaval to emphasis on individual responsibility when economy strong

9

Great Depression and new deal

Social insurance and public assistance

Permanent involvement of federal government in both provision of social services and regulation of economy. Numerous social welfare systems created

10

Social security act

First comprehensive federal effort to ensure economic security through Long term protections of social insurance and public assistance

11

WWII postwar economy

Federal government more involved in economy as managed war effort.

GI Bill

12

GI Bill

Services readjustment act 1944: funds education, training, employment services, home loans and business loans

13

Social reform years

Creating medical care- Medicaid and Medicare.

. War on poverty

14

War on poverty

1960’s series of policies and programs to fight poverty. Economic opportunity act 1964-
Renewed emphasis on social justice fair distribution of resources and opportunities
Food stamps, head start, job training, employment incentives.

15

Retrenchment Years

1980’s-90’s has backlash against anti poverty programs. Devolution, Welfare Reform 1996. TANF created to replace AFDC. Limit years on welfare. State & local better than feds to control social services

16

Devolution

Diminished role of federal government in anti poverty programs

Cutbacks and local control

17

New millennium

War on terror- becomes focus. Great Recession- economis Support through support housing market & TARP (troubled assist release program) for social institutions. Grow inequality between income & wealth.

Affordable care act
War on terror
Economic recovery

18

Cash assistance

Transfer of money from government to a person in need

TANF

19

In-kind benefits

Aide in form of tangible items.
SNAP, housing assistance

20

Entitlements

People guaranteed help if they meet certain criteria. No time limit of that receipt. Social security

21

Public assistance programs

Mean-tested programs people must be poor to qualify. Medicaid, SNAp, TANF

22

Private services

Nongovernmental groups. Nonprofit or profit can provide services directly on behalf of government HMO

23

OASDI

Old age survivors insurance SSDI
Benefits to people who paid while they were working. Provides benefits when retire or become disabled.
Cash assistance program

24

TANF

Temporary Assistance yo family in need. Cash aide program. Family must fall below poverty line determined by each state.

25

SSI

Supplemental security income.
Cash assistance for elderly or a person with disability whose income is below poverty line.

26

Medicare

Health coverage for those eligible to receive OASDI

27

Department Veterans Affairs

Veteran eligible to receive health services throughout lifetime

28

Affordable Care Act

Provide health coverage for uninsured because they lack employee-based or government based healthcare.

29

SNAP

Low income purchase food. Formerly food stamps

30

Section 8

Privately owned apartments officially designated by local housing authority available to voucher recipients.