Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (49)
Institutional social welfare services
Proactive; In place to prevent problems before they arise
Come after there is an identifiable problem
Earliest social welfare system- Elizabethan Poor Laws
Elizabethan poor laws
English system- outlined public’s responsibility for poor
Provide temporary assistance to newly freed slaves post civil war
Following civil war. Birth social work profession
Pendulum swings from strong belief in social responsibility during economic upheaval to emphasis on individual responsibility when economy strong
Great Depression and new deal
Social insurance and public assistance
Permanent involvement of federal government in both provision of social services and regulation of economy. Numerous social welfare systems created
Social security act
First comprehensive federal effort to ensure economic security through Long term protections of social insurance and public assistance
WWII postwar economy
Federal government more involved in economy as managed war effort.
Services readjustment act 1944: funds education, training, employment services, home loans and business loans
Social reform years
Creating medical care- Medicaid and Medicare.
. War on poverty
War on poverty
1960’s series of policies and programs to fight poverty. Economic opportunity act 1964-
Renewed emphasis on social justice fair distribution of resources and opportunities
Food stamps, head start, job training, employment incentives.
1980’s-90’s has backlash against anti poverty programs. Devolution, Welfare Reform 1996. TANF created to replace AFDC. Limit years on welfare. State & local better than feds to control social services
Diminished role of federal government in anti poverty programs
Cutbacks and local control
War on terror- becomes focus. Great Recession- economis Support through support housing market & TARP (troubled assist release program) for social institutions. Grow inequality between income & wealth.
Affordable care act
War on terror
Transfer of money from government to a person in need
Aide in form of tangible items.
SNAP, housing assistance
People guaranteed help if they meet certain criteria. No time limit of that receipt. Social security
Public assistance programs
Mean-tested programs people must be poor to qualify. Medicaid, SNAp, TANF
Nongovernmental groups. Nonprofit or profit can provide services directly on behalf of government HMO
Old age survivors insurance SSDI
Benefits to people who paid while they were working. Provides benefits when retire or become disabled.
Cash assistance program
Temporary Assistance yo family in need. Cash aide program. Family must fall below poverty line determined by each state.
Supplemental security income.
Cash assistance for elderly or a person with disability whose income is below poverty line.
Health coverage for those eligible to receive OASDI
Department Veterans Affairs
Veteran eligible to receive health services throughout lifetime
Affordable Care Act
Provide health coverage for uninsured because they lack employee-based or government based healthcare.
Low income purchase food. Formerly food stamps