Chapter 2 - Body System & Combining Form Flashcards Preview

Vet 103 Vet Med Terms > Chapter 2 - Body System & Combining Form > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Body System & Combining Form Deck (53)
Loading flashcards...
1

Skeletal System

Support and shape, protects internal organs, hematopoiesis, mineral storage.

Bones, Joints, Cartilage
osteo, arthro, chondro

2

Muscular System

Locomotion, movement of body fluid, body heat generation.

muscles, tendons
myo, teno/ tendo/ tendino

3

Cardiovascular System

Via pumping mechanism delivers oxygen, nutrients, electrolytes, and hormones to tissue, transports cellular waste from body, transports immune cells and antibodies.

heart, arteries, veins, blood
cardio, arterio, veno, hemo/ hemato

4

Lymphatic and Immune System

Provide nutrients to and remove waste from tissues, protect the body from harmful substances and invading pathogens.

Lymph vessels, spleen, thymus
lympho, spleno, thymo

5

Respiratory System

Brings oxygen into the body for transportation to the cells, removes cardon dioxide and some water waste from the body.

nose, pharynx, trachea, larynx, lungs
naso, pharyngo, tracheo, laryngo, pneumo/ pulmono

6

Digestive System

Digests ingested food, absorption of digested food, elimnation of solid waste.

mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas
oro/ stomato, esophago, gastro, entero, colo/ colono, hepato, pancreato

7

Urinary System

Filters blood to remove waste, maintains electrolyte balance, regulates fluid balance.

kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
reno/ nephro, uretero, cysto, urethro

8

Oste/o

bones

9

Arthr/o

joints

10

Chondr/o

cartilage

11

My/o

muscle

12

Ten/o Tend/o Tendin/o

tendin

13

Cardi/o

heart

14

Arteri/o

arteries

15

Ven/o

veins

16

Hem/o Hemat/o

blood

17

Lymph/o

lymph vessels, fluid, and nodes

18

splen/o

spleen

19

Thym/o

Thymus

20

nas/o rhin/o

nose

21

Pharyng/o

pharynx

22

Trache/o

trachea

23

Laryng/o

larynx

24

Pneum/o Pulmon/o

Lungs

25

Or/o Stomat/o

mouth

26

Esophag/o

esophagus

27

Gastr/o

stomach

28

Enter/o

small interstine

29

Col/o Colon/o

Large intestine

30

Hepat/o

Liver

31

Pancreat/o

pancreas

32

Ren/o Nephr/o

kidney

33

Ureter/o

ureters

34

Cyst/o

urinary bladder

35

Urethr/o

urethra

36

Neur/o

nerves

37

Encephal/o

brain

38

Myel/o

spinal cord

39

Opthalm/o Opt/o

Eyes

40

Ot/o

ears

41

Aur/i Aur/o

external ear

42

Dermat/o Derm/o Cutane/o

skin

43

Adren/o

adrenals

44

Gonad/o

gonads

45

Pituit/o

Pituitary

46

Thyroid/o Thyr/o

thyroid

47

Orch/o Orchi/o Orchid/o Testicul/o

testes

48

Ovari/o

ovaries

49

Hyster/o Metr/o Metri/o

Uterus

50

Nervous System

Coordinating mechanism, reception of stimuli, transmission of messages.

nerves, brain, spinal cord, eyes, ears, external ear
neuro, encephalo, myelo, opto/ opthalmo, oto, auri/ auro

51

Integumentary System

Protection of the body, regulate body temperature and water content.

skin
dermato, dermo, cutaneo

52

Endocrine System

Integrates body functions, homeostasis, and growth with chemicals called hormones.

adrenals, gonads, pituitary, thyroid
adreno, gonado, pituito, thyroido/ thyro

53

Reproductive System

Production of new life

testes, ovaries, uterus
orcho/ orchio/ orchido/ testiculo, ovario, hystero/ metro/ metrio