Chapter 2 - Matter and Change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Matter and Change Deck (41):
1

What is a quality or condition of a substance that can be observed without changing the composition?

physical property

2

What is a homogeneous mixture?

solution

3

What is a substance that is formed in a chemical reaction?

products

4

What is a physical blend of 2 or more substances?

mixture

5

What is the starting substances in a chemical reaction?

reactants

6

What is the part of a sample with uniform composition and properties?

phase

7

What is a study of composition of substances and the changes?

chemistry

8

What is matter that takes both the shape and volume of the container?

gas

9

What is the simplest form of matter that can exist under normal lab conditions?

elements

10

What substance can only be separated into simpler substances by chemical reaction?

compounds

11

What occurs when iron and oxygen combine to form iron oxide (rust)?

a chemical change

12

What distinguishes a physical change from a chemical change?

Mass is conserved

13

Give an example of a compound

Water - H2O

14

Give an example of a chemical change

rotting meat

15

What is the chemical symbol of sodium

Na

16

What is the chemical symbol of potassium

K

17

What is the chemical symbol of silver

Ag

18

What are the three states of matter?

Solid, liquid, gas

19

What is gas?

A form of matter that takes the shape and volume of the container

20

Give some examples of physical changes?

1. cutting and grinding of meat
2. freezing and melting of water
3. Boiling and condensing of water

21

When does a chemical change occur in a piece of wood?

When it decays

22

What are some characteristics of a substance in the liquid state?

1. able to flow
2. not easily compressed
3. definite volume

23

Is dissolving salt in water a chemical change?

NO

24

Can ELEMENTS be separated into simpler substances by chemical reactions?

NO

25

Does a heterogeneous mixture have 2 or more phases?

YES

26

Is color an example of intensive property?

NO

27

What are the four signs that a chemical reaction may have occurred?

1. Gas is created
2. There is a color change
3. There is an energy change - temperature
4. A Precipitate forms

28

Be prepared if the following is a homogeneous mixture, heterogeneous mixture, compound or element:

vegetable soup
table sugar
apple juice
tap water
marble
table salt
hydrogen

Vegetable soup - - heterogeneous mixture
table sugar - - compound
apple juice - - homogeneous mixture
tap water - - homogeneous mixture
marble - - heterogeneous mixture
table salt - - compound
hydrogen - - element

29

Be prepared to state if the following is a physical change or a chemical change:

dissolving sugar
water evaporating
spoiled milk
digesting food
burning a match
carving a piece of wood

dissolving sugar - - physical
water evaporating - - physical
spoiled milk - - chemical
digesting food - - chemical
burning a match - - chemical
carving a piece of wood - - physical

30

Be able to STATE the Law of Conservation of Mass.

In a physical or chemical reaction - mass is neither created or destroyed in is CONSERVED!!

31

Tell how you would separate water and alcohol.

Distillation - - boil the alcohol and water - the water will turn into a vapor and rise into a tube where is will condenses back into a liquid

32

Tell how you would separate sand and salt

Use water to dissolve salt - then use a filter paper to remove the sand from the water - let the water evaporate and the salt will be left behind

33

Tell how you would separate iron filings and lead

use a magnet to pull the iron filings out
iron is magnetic and lead is NOT

34

In a lab you started with a purple powder and added HCl - the purple powder fizzed and produced a white substance. Was the purple powder a compound or and element?

A compound - - because is was broken down into a simpler substance - it is NOT possible with and element.

35

What is the element of H?

Hydrogen

36

What is the symbol of Gold?

Au

37

What is the symbol of Lead?

Pb

38

What is the element of C?

Carbon

39

What is the symbol of Nickel?

Ni

40

What is the element of Sb?

Antimony

41

Be able to fill in the MATTER chart

See Mrs. Krumpelman for help