Chapter 2: Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2: Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Deck (87)
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1

Lying on the back

Supine

2

Lying on the belly

Prone

3

Pertaining to the middle

medial

4

Pertaining to the side

Lateral

5

Above another structure

Superior (Cephalic)

6

Below another structure

Inferior (Caudal)

7

Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure

Proxmial

8

Far from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure

Distal

9

on the surface of the body

Superficial

10

Away from the surface of the body

Deep

11

Back of the body

Posterior (doral)

12

front of the body

anterior

13

Vertical plane that divided the body inot right and left portion

sagittal (lateral) plane

14

horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions

Transverse (axial) plane

15

Vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

Frontal (Coronal) plane

16

A pad of cartilage between each backbone and the next

Disk

17

a backbone

Vertebra

18

Space between the lungs, containing the heart, windpipe and aorta

Mediastinum

19

Muscular wall separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities

Diaphragm

20

Membrane surrounding the abdominal viscera

Peritoneum

21

Membrane surrounding the lungs

Pleura

22

Metabolism

total chemical processes in the cell

23

Anabolism

building up large proteins

24

Catabolism

Nutrients are broken down to the simpler substances, energy is released.

25

Cell Membrane

Structure surrounding and protect the cell.

26

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Network of canals within the cell

27

DNA

Chemical found within each chromosome.

28

Nucleus

controls the operation of cell

29

mitochondria

small sausage shaped bodies that provide the source of energy

30

chromosomes

rod like structure within the nucleus