Chapter 2: Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 2: Pertaining to the Body as a Whole > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2: Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Deck (87):
1

Lying on the back

Supine

2

Lying on the belly

Prone

3

Pertaining to the middle

medial

4

Pertaining to the side

Lateral

5

Above another structure

Superior (Cephalic)

6

Below another structure

Inferior (Caudal)

7

Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure

Proxmial

8

Far from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure

Distal

9

on the surface of the body

Superficial

10

Away from the surface of the body

Deep

11

Back of the body

Posterior (doral)

12

front of the body

anterior

13

Vertical plane that divided the body inot right and left portion

sagittal (lateral) plane

14

horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions

Transverse (axial) plane

15

Vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

Frontal (Coronal) plane

16

A pad of cartilage between each backbone and the next

Disk

17

a backbone

Vertebra

18

Space between the lungs, containing the heart, windpipe and aorta

Mediastinum

19

Muscular wall separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities

Diaphragm

20

Membrane surrounding the abdominal viscera

Peritoneum

21

Membrane surrounding the lungs

Pleura

22

Metabolism

total chemical processes in the cell

23

Anabolism

building up large proteins

24

Catabolism

Nutrients are broken down to the simpler substances, energy is released.

25

Cell Membrane

Structure surrounding and protect the cell.

26

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Network of canals within the cell

27

DNA

Chemical found within each chromosome.

28

Nucleus

controls the operation of cell

29

mitochondria

small sausage shaped bodies that provide the source of energy

30

chromosomes

rod like structure within the nucleus

31

Coccygeal

tailbone region

32

Sacral

region of the sacrum (S1 to S5)

33

Lumbar

lower back (loin) region (L1 to L5)

34

Thoracic

Chest region (T1 to T12)

35

Cervical

Neck region (C1-C7)

36

abdomen/o

abdomen

37

adip/o

fat

38

anter/o

front

39

bol/o

to cast

40

cervic/o

neck

41

chondr/o

cartilage

42

chrom/o

color

43

coccyg/o

coccyx

44

crani/o

skull

45

cyt/o

cell

46

dist/o

far, distant

47

dors/o

back portion

48

hist/o

tissue

49

ili/o

ilium

50

inguin/o

groin

51

kary/o

nucleus

52

later/o

side

53

lumb/o

lower back

54

medi/o

middle

55

nucle/o

nucleus

56

pelv/i

pelvis, hip region

57

poster/o

behind, back

58

proxim/o

nearest

59

saCr/o

sacrum

60

saRc/o

flesh (malignant)

61

spin/o

spine

62

thel/o

nipple

63

theli/o

nipple

64

thorac/o

chest

65

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

66

umbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

67

ventr/o

belly

68

vertebr/o

vertebra

69

viscer/o

internal organs

70

ana-

up

71

cata-

down

72

epi-

above

73

hypo-

below, deficiency

74

inter-

between

75

meta-

change

76

-al

pertaining to

77

-eal

pertaining to

78

-ectomy

to remove

79

-iac

pertaining to

80

-ior

pertaining to

81

-ism

process, condition

82

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

83

-ose

pertaining to full of

84

-plasm

formation

85

-somes

bodies

86

-tomy

process of cutting

87

-type

picture, classification