Chapter 5/6: Digestive Systems Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5/6: Digestive Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5/6: Digestive Systems Deck (75):
1

abdomin/o

abdomen

2

amyl/o

starch

3

an/o

anus

4

append/o

appendix

5

appendic/o

appendix

6

bil/i

bile

7

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

8

bucc/o

cheek

9

celi/o

belly, abdomen

10

cervic/o

neck

11

cheil/o

lip

12

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

13

chol/e

bile, gall

14

cholangi/o

bile vessel

15

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

16

choledoch/o

common bile duct

17

cib/o

meals

18

cirrh/o

orange-yellow

19

col/o

colon

20

colon/o

colon

21

dent/i

tooth

22

duoden/o

duodenum

23

enter/o

intestine (small intestines)

24

esophag/o

esophagus

25

eti/o

cause

26

gastr/o

stomach

27

gingiv/o

gums

28

gloss/o

tongue

29

gluc/o

glucose, sugar

30

glyc/o

sugar, glucose

31

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

32

hem/o

blood

33

hemat/o

blood

34

hepat/o

liver

35

herni/o

hernia

36

idi/o

unknown, individual

37

pancreat/o

pancreas

38

peritone/o

peritoneum

39

pharyng/o

throat

40

proct/o

anus and rectum

41

prote/o

protein

42

py/o

pus

43

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

44

rect/o

rectum

45

sialaden/o

salivary gland

46

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

47

splen/o

spleen

48

steat/o

fat

49

stomat/o

mouth

50

tonsill/o

tonsil

51

-ase

enzyme

52

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

53

-chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

54

-ectasia

dilation, widening

55

ectasis

dilation, widening

56

-ectomy

removal, excision, resection

57

-emesis

vomiting

58

-emia

blood condition

59

-genesis

condition of producing

60

-graphy

process of recording

61

-iasis

abnormal condition

62

-megaly

enlargement

63

-orexia

appetite

64

-rrhage

bursting forth (of blood)

65

-rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

66

-rrhaphy

suture

67

-rrhea

flow, discharge

68

-scopy

process of visual examination

69

-spasm

involuntary contraction of muscle

70

-stasis

stopping, controlling

71

-stenosis

narrowing, tightening

72

-stomy

new opening (forming a mouth)

73

-tomy

process of cutting

74

-tresia

opening

75

cec/o

cecum