Chapter 2- Pig Production Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Pig Production Systems Deck (11)
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1

Successful management of pigs depends on:

1. Intelligent planning
2. Knowledge of its biology.

2

The means of an animal to control body temperature are two namely:

1. Physiological means
2. Behavioural means.

3

Swine and its environment

1. It is a non-sweating mammal, with sweat glands only on the snout.
2. Very sensitive to changes in its environment.
3. Swine are homeothermic.

4

Homeothermic

Regulate their own body temperature.

5

In hot environments, the pig will:

1. Reduce internal heat production.
2. Reduce motor activities.
3. Reduce feed intake.
4. Move to cooler environments.
5. Wallow in water, mud, ponds, puddles, etc.

6

in hot environments, pig managers should:

1. Provide wallows.
2. Provide well ventilated pig sties.
3. Plant trees around.

7

In cold environments, the pig will:

1. Increase internal heat production.
2. Increase feed intake.
3. Constrict blood vessels to reduce heat loss.
4. Reduce respiration rate.

8

In cold environments, pig managers should:

Provide a farrowing unit for in-pigs since piglets are more prone to chilling.

9

Categories of pig management

1. Peasant pig production
2. Commercial pig production.

10

Characteristics of peasant pig production

1. Free range system
2. Pigs are cleaners of human faeces and domestic waste.

11

improving the peasant pig system

1. Feed supplementation (brans, kitchen leftover and waste, agro-industrial by-products, etc).
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