Flashcards in Chapter 1- Introduction To Pig Production Deck (30)
Latin name of domestic pigs
Sus scrofa domesticus
Latin name for wild boar
What is a swine?
Another name for a pig.
A matured female pig that has given birth at least once before.
A matured male pig that has sired offspring at least once before.
A young female pig.
A juvenile pig.
A male pig castrated before sexual maturity.
A male pig that has been castrated after sexual maturity at the end of its reproductive life.
A pig that is raised for slaughter; loosely refers to a castrated boar.
Cycle that occurs once every 21 days on the average.
The period of sexual receptivity in females.
Period from conception to birth (112-115 days in pigs).
The act of giving birth in pigs.
Piglets farrowed by one sow at a time.
Unusually small and weak piglet that normally dies before maturity.
Refers to a pregnant pig.
What are the most unjustly treated farm animals?
Pigs are among the best income generators due to:
1. Short gestation length
2. Large litter bearing
3. Fast growth rate
4. High dressing percentage
5. Good market value
Gestation length of pigs
Average size of litter
How long does it take a piglet to mature?
6 months on average.
Dressing percentage of pigs
Classification of pigs
Species: Sus scrofa domesticus
1. They are ungulates/ possess hooves
2. They have stocky or barrel shaped bodies
3. They have a mature body weight of 35-350kg; 450kg in some breeds.
Mature body weight of swine
35-350kg; 450kg in some species.
Importance of swine to man
1. High concentration of nutrients
2. Relatively low calorie content
3. Surpassed only by chicken
4. Source of high quality protein
5. Source of Vitamin B complex
6. Source of essential amino acids
Importance of swine in biomedical research
1. They have similar physiology and anatomy to man.
2. Model for research on human diseases.
3. Heart transplants
4. Digestive studies
5. Dental studies
Importance of swine in industry
1. Hooves for glue
2. Skin for leather
3. Bone for bone meal