Chapter 1- Introduction To Pig Production Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1- Introduction To Pig Production Deck (30)
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1

Latin name of domestic pigs

Sus scrofa domesticus

2

Latin name for wild boar

Sus scrofa

4

What is a swine?

Another name for a pig.

5

Sow

A matured female pig that has given birth at least once before.

6

Boar

A matured male pig that has sired offspring at least once before.

7

Gilt

A young female pig.

8

Piglet

A juvenile pig.

9

Barrow

A male pig castrated before sexual maturity.

10

Stag

A male pig that has been castrated after sexual maturity at the end of its reproductive life.

11

Hog

A pig that is raised for slaughter; loosely refers to a castrated boar.

12

Oestrous

Cycle that occurs once every 21 days on the average.

13

Oestrus

The period of sexual receptivity in females.

14

Gestation

Period from conception to birth (112-115 days in pigs).

15

Farrowing

The act of giving birth in pigs.

16

Litter

Piglets farrowed by one sow at a time.

17

Runt

Unusually small and weak piglet that normally dies before maturity.

18

In-pig

Refers to a pregnant pig.

19

What are the most unjustly treated farm animals?

Pigs.

20

Pigs are among the best income generators due to:

1. Short gestation length
2. Large litter bearing
3. Fast growth rate
4. High dressing percentage
5. Good market value

21

Gestation length of pigs

112-115 days

22

Average size of litter

Ten piglets

23

How long does it take a piglet to mature?

6 months on average.

24

Dressing percentage of pigs

70%

25

Classification of pigs

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Suidae
Genus Sus
Species: Sus scrofa domesticus

26

Physical characteristics

1. They are ungulates/ possess hooves
2. They have stocky or barrel shaped bodies
3. They have a mature body weight of 35-350kg; 450kg in some breeds.

27

Mature body weight of swine

35-350kg; 450kg in some species.

28

Importance of swine to man

1. High concentration of nutrients
2. Relatively low calorie content
3. Surpassed only by chicken
4. Source of high quality protein
5. Source of Vitamin B complex
6. Source of essential amino acids

29

Importance of swine in biomedical research

1. They have similar physiology and anatomy to man.
2. Model for research on human diseases.
3. Heart transplants
4. Digestive studies
5. Dental studies

30

Importance of swine in industry

1. Hooves for glue
2. Skin for leather
3. Bone for bone meal

31

Origin of pigs

Pigs moved from the Middle East to Europe and then to Africa.