Chapter 2 - Police and Recruitment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Police and Recruitment Deck (21):
1

What did the RCMP begin as?

The North West Mounted Police

2

When did the NWMP begin?

1873

3

When did the NWMP become the RCMP?

1920

4

What are the main roles of the RCMP today?

To enforce federal laws and provide security services.

5

What were the roles of the RCMP in the past?

Intelligence and national security matters.

6

What percentage of Canada is policed by the RCMP?

~75%

7

What percentage of RCMP officers are working under contract?

~60%

8

What is the name of the main system that police utilize and who maintains it?

The Canadian Police Information Centre, it is maintained by the RCMP.

9

Which two provinces have their own provincial police?

Ontario (OPP) and Quebec (SQ)

10

What do the OPP and the SQ provide?

Policing to rural areas, policing to municipalities.

11

Does the presence of provincial police mean they RCMP are not needed?

No. The RCMP are still present in all provinces.

12

First Nation's Policing Policy (1991) allowed for what?

For First Nations communities to negotiate agreements for police services that best meet the needs of the community.

13

What are the pros and cons of regional police services?

They help to cut costs, but large organizations can also isolate themselves further from the community.

14

Once candidates meet basic employment qualifications, what series of tests are they required to pass?

Aptitude testing, physical abilities testing, personal interview, psychological assessment, written communication abilities, and a background assessment.

15

What does an aptitude test measure?

Interpersonal skills, problem solving, adaptability, cognitive skills, organizational skills, etc.

16

Are all police services standardized in their requirements?

No, they are all similar, but differ slightly.

17

After basic training, what happens to recruits?

They are matched with a senior officer who will work with them in the field.

18

What are some challenges ahead for the police forces?

Rising costs, increase in private security services, the changing nature of crime, and recruitment to ensure appropriate representation of the community.

19

What was the total cost of policing in 2010?

$12.6B

20

For every police officer, how many are working in private firms?

3.

21

What is the effect of rising private security called?

The pluralization of policing.