Chapter 2: Principles Of Physical Fitness Flashcards Preview

Fitness And Health > Chapter 2: Principles Of Physical Fitness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2: Principles Of Physical Fitness Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Reversibility

The training principle that fitness improvements are lost when demands in the body are lowered

2

Exercise

Planned, structured, repetitive movement intended to improve or maintain physical fitness

3

Health related fitness

Physical capacities that contribute to health: cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, flexibility, and body composition.

4

Cardiorespiratory endurance

The ability of the body to perform prolonged, large muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity.

5

Flexibility

The ability to move joints through their full range of motion.

6

Physical training

The performance of different types of activities that cause the body to adapt and improve its level of fitness

7

Fat- free mass

The nonfat component of the human body, consisting of skeletal muscle, bone and water.

8

Muscular endurance

The ability of a muscle to remain contracted or to contract repeatedly for a long period of time.

9

Metabolism

The sum of all the vital processes by which food energy and nutrients are made available to and used by the body

10

Intensity

Fitness benefits occur when a person exercise Shaffer than his/her normal level of activity

11

Progressive overload

The training principle that placing increasing amounts of stress on the body causes adaptions that improve fitness.

12

Specificity

The training principle that the body adapts to the particular type and amount of stress placed on it

13

Body composition

The proportion of fat and fat-free mass in the body

14

Physical activity

Body movement carried out by skeletal muscles that requires energy

15

Muscular strength

The amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort.