Chapter 2 - Special Considerations in Design Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Special Considerations in Design Deck (20):
1

ethics

the moral obligation to do what is right

2

environmental considerations (2)

1. Sustainability
2. Green Design

3

sustainability definition

means thinking about creating building and interior environments now, while also considering their use in the distant future

4

renewable resources

materials such as wood from trees that can be replanted in sustained-growth forests

5

nonrenewable resources

materials that can't be replaced naturally, metals, minerals, fossil fuels

6

resource efficiency

reduce, reuse, recycle and repair

7

sustainability (5)

1. use of resources
2. resource efficiency
3. modest living
4. design longevity
5. universal and transgenerational design

8

universal design

implies that well-planned designs will meet the needs of every user without drawing attention to persons with disabilities

9

transgenerational design

design that functions for users in various states of life (from different generations), implying that the design can be used continually without change over a long period, doesn't focus on the occupant's age but rather on the environment's usefulness to users of any age

10

green design

describes selection of materials that produce a sustainable environment - the materials have come from a renewable source and removing them will not harm the earth's environment

11

LEED

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, non-profit, green building rating system, certifies buildings and systems

12

IAQ

Indoor air quality, can be caused by VOCs (volatile organic compounds) that off-gas

13

CFL

compact fluorescent lamp

14

atrium (atria)

indoor courtyards

15

clerestory windows

windows placed at the top of the wall

16

carbon footprint

consumption of non-renewable energy

17

barrier-free design

design for special populations that presents no physical obstacles or barriers to access and allows free movement in the environment

18

special populations (4)

1. motion impairment
2. hearing impairment
3. visual impairment
4. elderly

19

ambulant-disabled

difficulty in walking may require a cate, crutches or a walker

20

chairbound-disabled

depend on a wheelchair for mobility