Chapter 4 - Color Flashcards Preview

SFL 102 > Chapter 4 - Color > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 - Color Deck (46):
1

sources of color (2)

1. spectral colored light
2. pigment or dyestuffs

2

spectral light

colored light inherent in nature, visible light spectrum appears from longest to shortest wavelengths

3

infrared

light waves too long to see

4

ultraviolet

light waves too short to see

5

pigments or dyestuffs

come from either natural compounds in the earth or chemically compounded colors

6

subtractive color theory

the phenomenon in which the frequencies of light hit an object and are absorbed. The colors we see are the light waves that were not absorbed

7

subtractive color mixing or optical color mixing

the process of colors being visually mixed, allows us to see or interpret colors other than spectral colors

8

metamerism

the apparent change in color from one light to another, judgement of the true color of an object is made under full-spectrum light

9

orientation

the direction of natural light
north: clear and cool
east: clear and bright
south: constant and warm
west: hazy and hot

10

standard color-wheel theory names (3)

1. palette theory
2. prang theory
3. david brewster color theory

11

primary hues

red, yellow, blue

12

secondary hues

orange, green, violet

13

intermediate hues

mix of primary and secondary hue, with the primary hue listed first

14

warm colors

colors related to red

15

cool colors

colors related to blue

16

monochromatic color schemes

based on one color, utilized different shades of the same base color

17

analogous harmonies

colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel, normally three are used but you can use up to 6

18

complementary colors

colors opposite each other on the color wheel

19

direct complement

pairs exactly opposite

20

split complement

basic hue and the two colors on each side of its direct complement

21

triadic complement

three colors that are equidistant on the color wheel

22

double complement

two pairs of direct complements that are adjacent or next to each other

23

tetrad complements

four colors that are equidistant

24

alternate complements

triad schemes with a direct complement of one of the hues

25

mussel theory

3D color wheel, based off the hue, value and chroma or intensity

26

hue

huge families are given a numerical notation, the pure color

27

value

the lightness or darkness of the hue

28

natural saturation point

the amount of naturally occurring white or black value in a pure hue

29

chroma or intensity

the amount of pure chroma in a given hue

30

ostwald theory

plotted as triangular pages with hues not varied by chroma but by amount of black and white (measured in values)

31

color harmony definition

wherever colors are combined in a manner pleasing to the eye and to the senses

32

color harmony considerations (5)

1. hue identity
2. undertones
3. color samples
4. shibusa
5. bold or high-contrast colors

33

undertones

the colors that are added to a base hue

34

shibusa

Japanese concept, theory of harmonizing color so that combined hues are appealing for a long period of time, colors are close in value and intensity with a little sharp accent, patterns and textures are used to keep interest, light colors above, medium colors around and dark colors underfoot

35

neutralized colors (4)

1. shades - mixing black with a hue
2. tints - adding white to a hue
3. tones - neutralized with a complement or contrasting color (or sometimes gray)
4. pastels - lightened tones

36

law of chromatic distribution

"The more neutralized colors of the scheme are found in the larger areas and the smaller the area, the brighter or more intense the chroma becomes"

37

naturals (4)

1. whites and off-whites: give interiors increased oval space
2. grays: ideal background color against which to show other colors, warm can be welcoming and comforting, cool can be cold and uninviting
3. blacks and off-blacks: give deep dark value to the set-off neutrals, adds richness
4. browns: bring warm qualities to an interior, flexibility to change color schemes

38

achromatic color schemes

has no colors on the color wheel, different shades of black, white, gray

39

color influencing factors (4)

1. light
2. texture and material
3. color placement
4. value distribution and contrast

40

juxtaposition

placement of colors next to each other

41

high-key interiors

high values (light hues), produce an airy, carefree, soothing, romantic or ethereal feeling

42

low-key interiors

low or dark values, produce a stable,, anchored, ponderous or historical effect

43

midtones

colors at their normal values, give a sense of normality and calm, safe, stable and easy to live with

44

value distribution based on nature

the placing of values in the general pattern seen in nature

45

color-group moods (4)

1. light value and bright color groups: produce feelings of spontaneity and happiness
2. light and dull or neutralized colors: produce feelings of calm and relaxation
3. dark and dull or neutralized colors: are serious and profound
4. dark values and bright chroma (jewel tones): suggest richness and strength

46

afterimage simultaneous contrast

when you focus on an intense color and then on a neutral area and the complementary color appears in the same pattern as a ghostly afterimage, can cause eye-focusing problems, irritation and headaches