Chapter 2 The Cell Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Chapter 1-3 > Chapter 2 The Cell > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 The Cell Deck (11):
1

Process of osmosis

Diffusion of water across a selectively preamble membrane into a region of higher solute concentration

2

Diffusion

When substance scatter themselves evenly throughout available space

3

Facilitated diffusion

process of spontaneous passive transport of molecules or ions across a cell's membrane via specific transmembrane integral proteins

4

Active transport (endocytosis)

process of cellular ingestion by which the plasma membrane folds inward to bring substances into the cell.

5

Phagocytosis

The process by which a cell engulfs particles such as bacteria, other microorganisms, aged red blood cells, foreign matter,

6

Pinocytosis

mode of endocytosis in which small particles are brought into the cell, forming an invagination, and then suspended within small vesicles.

7

receptor mediated endocytosis

a process by which cells absorb metabolites, hormones, other proteins – and in some cases viruses – by the inward budding of plasma membrane vesicles containing proteins

8

What kind of things can easily diffuse across the cell membrane

Carbon dioxide water and polar nonpolar molecules

9

Cutaneous

skin = Integumentary system. We have the epidermis which is the outer epithelium tissue and dermis is the connective tissue.

10

Synovial membrane

specialized connective tissue that lines the inner surface of capsules of synovial joints and tendon sheath.[

11

Serious membrane

cavities of the body, forming a smooth, transparent, two-layered membrane lubricated by a fluid derived from serum. The peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura are serous membranes.