Chapter 2 The constitution and the founding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 The constitution and the founding Deck (12):
1

Articles of confederation

sent to the states for ratification in 1777, these were the first attempt at a new american government. It was later decided that the Articles of confederation restricted national government too much, and they were replaced by the Constitution

2

limited government

A political system in which the powers of the government are restricted to prevent tyranny by protecting property and individual rights

3

Shays rebellion

an uprising of about 4000 men in Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787 to protest oppressive laws and gain payment of war debts. the unrest prompted calls for a new constituion

4

consent of the governed

the idea that government gains its legitimacy through regular elections in which the people living under that government participate to elect their leaders

5

natural rights

unalienable rights, the declaration of independence defines them as "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". The founders believed that upholding these rights should be the government's central purpose.

6

Federalists

those at the constitutional convention who favored strong national government and system of checks and balances

7

Anti federalist

those at the constitutional convention who favored strong state government and feared that a strong national government would be a threat to individual rights

8

pluralism

the idea that having a variety of parties and interests within a government will stregthen the system ensuring that no group possess total control.

9

parliamentary system

a system of government in which legislative and executive power are closely joined. the legislature (parliament) selects the chief executive (prime minister) who forms the cabinet from members of parliament.

10

Reserved powers

powers that are not given to the national government by the constitution or not prohibited to the states, are reserved by the states or the people

11

national supermacy clause

national laws take precedence over state laws

12

necessary and proper clause

article 1, sec 8, grants congress the power to pass all laws related to its expressed powers also known as the elastic clause.