Flashcards in Chapter # 2 Types of Fire Apparatus Equipped with a Fire Pump Deck (55):
Name three other names for a Fire Dept Pumper.
Engine, Wagon, Triple
Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus.
NFPA 1901 requires a pumper to have the capability to pump how much gpm?
minimum of 750 gpm. Larger pumps increase in 250 gpm increments.
Most municipal fire pumpers do not exceed.........gpm. But some industrial complex pumpers may exceed that gpm.
What are pumpers called that also serve as rescue units?
Most industrial pumpers are designed to flow large quantities of what?
Class B foam
Most large scale industrial pumpers use some form of .................system because of the reliability of the foam proportioning at large flows.
balanced pressure proportioning
Industrial pumpers have what size of fire pumps?
What size of foam tanks are found on most industrial pumpers?
What is the size range of most municipal pumper foam tanks?
Elevating water devices on pumpers have a typical height range of what?
Name two types of initial fire attack apparatus.
Small, quick attack pumpers. Designed to fight small fires. Most have 4 wheel drive. Most are mounted on a 1 ton truck. Most have pump capacity of 500gpm some have 1000 gpm. Some have foam systems.
Also called interface engines. Well suited for nuance fires. Can start a attack on a larger fire. Built on chassis over 12,000 lbs. Pumps as large as 100 gpm.
Name four factors a agency will consider when considering getting mobile water supply apparatus.
Terrain. Bridge weight limits. Monetary Constraints. Size of other mobile water supply apparatus in the area.
How many gallons must a mobile water supply carry according to NFPA 1901?
At least 1000 gallons
How many gallons is a single axle apparatus generally limited to?
1500 gallons or less
Name some considerations of mobile water apparatus design to help move water safely.
Adequate but reasonable water tank capacity. Adequate filling rate. Adequate dump time. Adequate suspension and steering. Properly sized chassis. Properly sized engine for tank size and terrain. Sufficient braking ability. Proper tank mounting. Proper and safe tank baffling. Adequate tank venting system. Ability to dump water from either side of the rear.
Name two ways that a mobile water supply apparatus can assist a attack pumper.
Reservoir (nurse tender). Water shuttle.
Some mobile water supply apparatus can expel air from the tank to draw water into the tank. At the dump site the tank can be pressurized to dump water at what rate?
up to 1750 gpm.
Some mobile water supply apparatus also have fire pumps. These are called what?
Tactical tenders. Attack Tenders
What are some other names for a wild land truck?
Brush truck. Brush breakers. Booster apparatus.
What is the tank and pump capacity of most wild land trucks?
500 gallons. Some have 1000 gallons with pumps of 1000 gpm.
Name the two ways to make a mobile fire attack.
Using short sections of hose while staying in the black. Using remote controlled nozzles from inside the cab.
NFPA 1500 prohibits what practice with wild land fires?
Firefighters riding on the outside of the apparatus discharging water.
What sizes of booster tanks are found on wildland apparatus?
Standard for Wild land Fire Apparatus.
This is intended to make it easier for IC to call for exactly the types of resources they need to handle a incident.
Aircraft rescue and fire fighting apparatus are also know as what?
crash, fire, rescue vehicles. (CFR)
Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Vehicles.
What three divisions are ARFF Apparatus divided into?
Major fire fighting vehicles. Rapid Intervention vehicles (RIV). Combined agent vehicles.
Name three functions of a fire boat apparatus.
ice or water rescue. fire fighting. relaying water to land based apparatus.
Fire boats have been built that deliver as much as .....gpm. Individual master streams turrets that discharge.....gpm are common.
26,000 gpm. 2000-3000 gpm
Most fire boats are powered by what?
Marine type diesel engines.
NFPA specifies that the minimum pump capacity for a aerial apparatus is what? What capacity should it have to be a true quint?
250 gpm at 150 psi.
750 gpm. (some as large as 2000 gpm)
What size tank and pump is usually found on a ladder tender?
300 gallons and 300 gpm
A rescue truck with a added pump and tank is called what?
A engine tender.
What size pump and tank is typically found on a engine tender?
500 gallons or less. 500 gpm or less.
Trailer pumping units are often used to replace apparatus on long term pumping operations such as what?
fires in petroleum storage faculties, landfills, and similar locations.
Name two advantages and two disadvantages of inverters.
Advantages = fuel efficiency, low or no noise.
Disadvantages = small capacity, limited mobility from vehicle.
How many watts can a inverter generate and what are they most likely used for?
1500 or more watts. Vehicle mounted lighting.
What is the largest portable generator wattage available?
Vehicle mounted generators provide power for what?
Portable equipment and fixed vehicle lighting.
How can vehicle mounted generators be powered?
gasoline, diesel, propane engines, hydraulic or power take offs.
How many watts is common from a vehicle mounted generator on a pumper?
A rescue vehicle could have how large of a vehicle mounted generator?
50,000 watts or more.
What is a disadvantage of a vehicle mounted generator?
Noisy and difficult to talk near them.
What is the watt range of portable lights?
What is the main function of fixed lighting?
To provide overall lighting of the scene.
What is the watt range for fixed lights?
What is the most common size electrical cord?
12 gauge 3 wire
What three criteria must electrical cords have?
Insulated. Water proof. No exposed wires.
What the four types of power hydraulic tools carried?
Spreaders. Shears. Combination. Extension rams.
What three criteria have made power hydraulic tools the primary tools used in most extrication's?
Wide range of uses. Speed. Superior power.